Ronald Dion DeSantis (born September 14, 1978) is an American politician and attorney serving as the 46th governor of Florida since 2019. A member of the Republican Party, he represented Florida’s 6th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 2013 to 2018.

DeSantis was first elected to Congress in 2012 and was reelected in 2014 and 2016. He briefly ran for U.S. Senate in 2016, but withdrew when incumbent senator Marco Rubio sought reelection. During his tenure, he became known as an ally of President Donald Trump. DeSantis frequently criticized Special Counsel Robert Mueller‘s investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election.

DeSantis won the Republican primary for Florida’s gubernatorial election on August 28, 2018. The close results of the general election between DeSantis and the Democratic nominee, Tallahassee mayor Andrew Gillum, triggered a machine recount. DeSantis was certified the winner on November 20.

During the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic in Florida, DeSantis was referred to as the most politically ascendant governor in the country as the state fared better than many others despite resisting restrictions such as face mask mandates, stay-at-home orders and vaccination requirements.[1][2][3] However, he later earned criticism when he banned public schools from implementing mask mandates as the state experienced a record surge in COVID-19 cases in July and August 2021.

Early life and education

Ronald Dion DeSantis was born on September 14, 1978, in Jacksonville, Florida, the son of Karen (née Rogers) and Ronald Daniel DeSantis.[4] He is of Italian descent as his great-great-grandmother and great-great-grandfather were from Italy. His great-great-grandfather Salvadore Storti immigrated to the United States in 1904, eventually settling in Pennsylvania. His great-great-grandmother Luigia Colucci moved to the U.S. to be with her husband in 1917.[5] Desantis’s mother was a nurse and his father installed Nielsen TV rating boxes.[6] His family moved to Orlando, Florida, before relocating to Dunedin, Florida, when he was six years old.[7] His sister Christina Marie DeSantis was born on May 5, 1985, in Orlando and died in 2015.[8] He was a member of the Little League team from Dunedin National that made it to the Little League World Series in Williamsport, Pennsylvania.[9][10]

After graduating from Dunedin High School in 1997, DeSantis attended Yale University. He was captain of Yale’s varsity baseball team and joined the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity.[10][11] DeSantis was an outfielder on the Yale baseball team; as a senior in 2001, he had the team’s best batting average at .336.[12][13][14][15]

After graduating from Yale in 2001 with a B.A. magna cum laude in history,[16] DeSantis spent a year as a history teacher at the Darlington School.[17] He then attended Harvard Law School, graduating in 2005 with a Juris Doctor cum laude.[18][19]

Military service

DeSantis received his Reserve Naval officer’s commission and assignment to the Judge Advocate General’s Corps (JAG) in 2004 at the U.S. Naval Reserve Center in Dallas, Texas, while still a student at Harvard Law School. He completed Naval Justice School in 2005. Later that year, he received orders to the JAG Trial Service Office Command South East at Naval Station Mayport, Florida, as a prosecutor. He was promoted from lieutenant, junior grade to lieutenant in 2006. He worked for the commander of Joint Task Force-Guantanamo (JTF-GTMO), working directly with detainees at the Guantanamo Bay Joint Detention Facility.[20][21][22]

In 2007, DeSantis reported to the Naval Special Warfare Command Group in Coronado, California, where he was assigned to SEAL Team One and deployed to Iraq[23] with the troop surge as the Legal Advisor to the SEAL Commander, Special Operations Task Force-West in Fallujah.[20][21][22]

DeSantis returned to the U.S. in April 2008, at which time he was reassigned to the Naval Region Southeast Legal Service. The U.S. Department of Justice appointed him to serve as an assistant U.S. attorney[23] at the U.S. Attorney’s Office in the Middle District of Florida. DeSantis was assigned as a trial defense counsel until his honorable discharge from active duty in February 2010. He concurrently accepted a reserve commission as a lieutenant in the Judge Advocate General’s Corps of the US Navy Reserve.[24] He was awarded the Bronze Star Medal, the Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal, the Global War on Terrorism Service Medal and the Iraq Campaign Medal.[20][21][22]

U.S. House of Representatives

2012 election

Official portrait of DeSantis in the U.S. House of Representatives

In 2012, DeSantis announced he would run in the Republican primary for Florida’s 6th congressional district. The district had previously been the 7th, represented by 10-term Republican John Mica, but Mica’s share of Orlando had been drawn into the new 7th District, and he opted to run there even though the new 6th included the bulk of his former territory.

DeSantis won the six-candidate Republican primary with 39% of the vote, with the runner-up, state representative Fred Costello, receiving 23%.[25] In the November general election, DeSantis defeated Democratic nominee Heather Beaven 57–43%, with majorities in all four counties.[26]

Committee assignments

Before the 114th United States Congress, DeSantis was named the chairman of the Subcommittee on National Security.[27]


DeSantis introduced the Faithful Execution of the Law Act of 2014 (H.R. 3973; 113th Congress) in the House on January 29 of that year. The bill would have directed the United States Department of Justice to report to Congress whenever any federal agency refrained from enforcing laws or regulations for any reason.[29][30] In its report, the government would have been required to explain why it had decided not to enforce that law.[31] DeSantis spoke in favor of the bill, arguing that “President Obama has not only failed to uphold several of our nation’s laws, he has vowed to continue to do so in order to enact his unpopular agenda. …The American people deserve to know exactly which laws the Obama administration is refusing to enforce and why.”[31] The bill did not become law.

DeSantis signed a 2013 pledge sponsored by Americans for Prosperity vowing to vote against any global warming legislation that would raise taxes.[32]

On August 24, 2017, DeSantis added a rider to the proposed fiscal 2018 spending bill package that would end funding for the Mueller investigation “or for the investigation under that order of matters occurring before June 2015” (the month Trump announced he was running for president) 180 days after passage of the bill.[33] The amendment was intended to counter a bipartisan bill written by two Democratic and two Republican U.S. senators which would have limited the president’s power to fire the special counsel. The DeSantis amendment sought to cut off funding for the investigation by November 2017. It was also a response to Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein‘s statement that the DOJ “doesn’t conduct fishing expeditions.” DeSantis stated that the DOJ order dated May 17, 2017, “didn’t identify a crime to be investigated and practically invites a fishing expedition.”[34]

DeSantis was a founding member of the Freedom Caucus, a group of congressional conservatives and libertarians.[22][35][36]

2016 U.S. Senate candidacy

On May 6, 2015, DeSantis announced his candidacy for the United States Senate seat held by Marco Rubio, who initially did not file to run for reelection due to his bid for the U.S. presidency.[37] He was endorsed by the fiscally conservative Club for Growth.[38] When Rubio ended his presidential bid and ran for reelection to the Senate, DeSantis withdrew from the Senate race and ran for reelection to the House.

Governor of Florida

DeSantis and his wife, Casey, with President Donald Trump and First Lady Melania Trump in February 2019


In January 2018, DeSantis announced his candidacy for governor of Florida to succeed term-limited Republican incumbent Rick Scott. Trump said in December 2017 that he would support DeSantis should he run for governor.[39] During the Republican primary, DeSantis emphasized his support for Trump by running an ad in which DeSantis taught his children how to “build the wall” and say “Make America Great Again” and dressed one of his children in a red “Make America Great Again” jumper.[40] Asked if he could name an issue where he disagreed with Trump, DeSantis did not identify one.[41] On July 30, 2018, Jonathan Martin of The New York Times wrote that the support DeSantis’s primary campaign had received demonstrated both Trump’s king-making capacity in a Republican-trending state and a “broader nationalization of conservative politics” whereby “a willingness to hurl rhetorical lightning bolts at the left, the media and special counsel Robert S. Mueller can override local credentials, local endorsements and preparedness for a state-based job.”[41]

On August 28, 2018, DeSantis won the Republican primary. His Democratic opponent in the general election was Andrew Gillum.[42] The race was “widely seen as a toss-up.”[43]

During the campaign, DeSantis came under scrutiny for comments that were allegedly racist, saying, “The last thing we need to do is to monkey this up by trying to embrace a socialist agenda with huge tax increases and bankrupting the state.”[44] DeSantis was accused of using the verb “monkey” as a racist dog whistle, as his opponent was African-American. The incident received widespread media coverage, and DeSantis denied that his comment was meant to be racially charged.[45]

In September 2018, DeSantis announced state representative Jeanette Núñez as his running mate.[46] He resigned his House seat on September 10, 2018, to focus on his gubernatorial campaign.[47] The same month, DeSantis was criticized for not having a fully formed policy platform.[48] He canceled a planned interview with the Tampa Bay Times to have additional time to put together a platform before an in-depth policy interview.[48]

DeSantis was endorsed by the Florida Police Chiefs Association.[49] In the campaign, some sheriffs endorsed DeSantis, while other sheriffs backed Gillum.[50]


DeSantis’s gubernatorial platform included support for legislation that would allow people with concealed weapons permits to carry firearms openly.[51] He also supported a law mandating the use of E-Verify by businesses and a state-level ban on sanctuary city protections for undocumented immigrants.[51] DeSantis promised to stop the spread of polluted water from Lake Okeechobee.[51] He expressed support for a state constitutional amendment to require a supermajority vote for any tax increases.[52] DeSantis opposed allowing able-bodied, childless adults to receive Medicaid.[52] He said he would implement a medical marijuana program, but he opposed the legalization of recreational marijuana.[52][53][54]


Initial election-night results had DeSantis winning by nearly 100,000 votes, and Gillum conceded.[55] Gillum took back his concession after late-counted ballots brought the race within less than 34,000 votes, a margin of 0.4%. The close margin required an automatic machine recount of the ballots.[56]

A machine recount in three statewide contests (governor, U.S. senator, and agriculture commissioner) began with a November 15 deadline. Although three counties missed the deadline, it was not extended.[57][58] DeSantis was confirmed as the winner and Gillum conceded on November 17.[59]


DeSantis prefiled the oath of office with the Florida secretary of state and became governor on January 8, 2019.[60] The official swearing-in ceremony was held at noon that day. On January 11, DeSantis posthumously pardoned the Groveland Four, four black men falsely convicted of rape in 1949.[61]

In January 2019, DeSantis officially suspended Broward County sheriff Scott Israel for his response to the mass shootings at the Fort Lauderdale airport and Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School. DeSantis appointed Gregory Tony sheriff of Broward County. In 2020, Tony admitted to withholding a murder arrest from DeSantis during the vetting process. Although DeSantis had originally touted the appointment, he later distanced himself from Tony after Tony’s past was brought to light. DeSantis’s office had requested a background check on Tony just one day before DeSantis made the appointment.[62]

In his first two weeks in office, DeSantis appointed Barbara Lagoa, Robert J. Luck and Carlos G. Muñiz to fill the three vacancies on the Florida Supreme Court, shifting the court’s majority from liberal to conservative. He replaced the entire South Florida Water Management District board. He signed a $2.5 billion executive order for water quality and Everglades restoration work.[63] In January 2019, DeSantis signed an executive order calling for the end of Common Core in Florida.[64]

DeSantis encouraged Florida sheriffs to cooperate with the federal government on immigration-related issues.[65] In June 2019, he signed an anti-“sanctuary city” bill in law; the legislation required law enforcement “to honor U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement detainers for undocumented immigrants who are arrested or convicted” of crimes. There were no sanctuary cities in Florida before the law’s enactment, and immigration advocates called the bill politically motivated.[66][67][68][69] Florida became the 12th state to adopt legislation requiring local governments to aid federal immigration-enforcement efforts.[70] In June 2020, DeSantis signed a bill requiring government employers and private companies that contract with the government to use E-Verify.[71][72][73] He had originally called for all employers to be required to use it.[74]

In June 2019, DeSantis signed a measure that would make it harder to launch successful ballot initiatives. Petition-gathering for ballot initiatives to legalize medical marijuana, increases to the minimum wage, and expansion of Medicaid were also under way.[75][76][77]

In March 2020, DeSantis decided against declaring a state of emergency in Florida during the COVID-19 pandemic.[78][79]

After the 2020 Republican National Convention was pulled from its originally scheduled host city, Charlotte, following conflict between Trump and North Carolina Governor Roy Cooper over plans for a large-scale gathering without public-health protocols in place to prevent spread of COVID-19, DeSantis campaigned to have Florida be the new host state.[80] He competed with similar entreaties from Tennessee and Georgia. DeSantis won, with the main festivities of the RNC, including Trump’s keynote speech, relocated to Jacksonville.[81][82] Ultimately, the entire event was scrapped in favor of rallies online and on television.[83]

In December 2020, DeSantis approved the transfer of Miami murderer Enrico Forti to Italy, a move the Miami-Dade prosecutors who convicted him fiercely opposed.[84] Since Forti is sentenced to life without parole for felony murder,[85] and in Italy life without parole is illegal,[86] DeSantis’s move led commentators to predict Forti will be released from jail.[87]

DeSantis openly supported Trump’s legal disputes of the 2020 United States presidential election, urging him to “fight on” and suggesting state legislatures of states won by Joe Biden could revolt and select slates of presidential electors that would instead vote for Trump.[88][89]

In January 2021, legislation drafted by DeSantis was introduced to the Florida Senate seeking to protect Confederate monuments; permit the state to overrule local governments’ decisions in reducing funding for police; waive sovereign immunity for municipalities, thereby allowing local authorities to be sued for providing inadequate law enforcement; and block people injured while participating in protests from receiving damages.[90] American Civil Liberties Union lawyer Kara Gross described the bill as an attempt “to silence and criminalize Black protesters and their allies who are exercising their First Amendment rights.”[90] When the bill was introduced on January 6, 2021, the same day as the storming of the U.S. Capitol, DeSantis said the legislation was a countermeasure to prevent similar events from occurring.[90][91]

On February 2, 2021, DeSantis announced his support of legislation to crack down on Big Tech and prevent alleged political censorship.[92][93][94] He also announced his support of a number of election law restrictions.[95][96][97][98] The same month, the Biden administration mulled imposing travel restrictions on Florida and other domestic locations to prevent further spread of COVID-19.[99][100] DeSantis expressed his discontent with what he characterized as “trying to shut FL’s border” and announced his intention to fervently oppose it if executed.[101][102]

In March 2021, DeSantis proposed legislation to impose restrictions and stricter requirements for Florida universities to collaborate with Chinese academics and universities; he said this would crack down on economic espionage by China.[103][104][105][106] DeSantis signed two such bills in June.[107] In May 2021, he signed a deal with The Seminole Tribe of Florida.[108] In June 2021, DeSantis signed a bill incentivizing wildlife corridors.[109]

On May 5, 2021, Desantis announced that all Florida police officers, firefighters, and paramedics would receive a $1,000 bonus.[110]

In its 2021 session, the Florida legislature passed DeSantis’s top priorities.[111][112]

On June 1, 2021, DeSantis signed the Fairness in Women’s Sports Act (SB 1028). It bans transgender female athletes from participating and competing in middle-school and high-school girls’ and college women’s sports competitions in Florida. The law took effect on July 1.[113][114][115][116][117][118]

During 2021 there was speculation that DeSantis would run for president in the 2024 election. On September 7, DeSantis said he thought such speculation was “purely manufactured”.[119] During a September 30 appearance on Fox News, he said he would run for reelection as governor in 2022 but was not thinking beyond that.[120] He filed to run for reelection as governor on November 5 and announced that he had on November 8.[121]

COVID-19 pandemic

DeSantis sits with Vice President Mike Pence at a local restaurant in May 2020

Scientists and media outlets have given mixed reviews of DeSantis’s handling of the COVID-19 pandemic.[122][123][124] DeSantis’s handling of COVID-19 in Florida was initially unpopular among the state’s voters: as of May 2020, he was the only U.S. governor whose approval had declined after COVID-19 became widespread in the U.S.[125] But after a few months, DeSantis’s reluctance to impose restrictions in response to the pandemic led to an increase in approval, especially among Republican voters.[126] By February 2021, he had generally positive approval ratings, ranging from 51% to 64%.[127][128][129] In March 2021, Politico called DeSantis the most “politically ascendant” governor in the country, as his controversial policies had been at that point “short of or even the opposite of ruinous”, while Florida had “fared no worse, and in some ways better, than many other states”.[130] But by August 2021, amid a record in new cases within the state, Florida become the state with the highest per capita hospitalizations for COVID-19.[131]

According to the Sun-Sentinel, “DeSantis, who owes his job to early support from President Donald Trump, imposed an approach in line with the views of the president and his powerful base of supporters. The administration suppressed unfavorable facts, dispensed dangerous misinformation, dismissed public health professionals, and promoted the views of scientific dissenters who supported the governor’s approach to the disease.”[123] By April 2021, Florida was 27th out of 50 in both cases and deaths per capita.[132] A study published in the American Journal of Public Health found substantial underreporting of deaths from COVID-19 in Florida from March to September 2020. Experts noted similar underreporting has occurred throughout the nation.[133][134]

According to public health experts, politics rather than science dictated Florida’s response to COVID-19.[122] DeSantis rejected the implementation of a statewide face mask mandate, belatedly implemented stay-at-home orders, and let his stay-at-home order implemented in April expire.[122] In July 2020, when Florida was a global epicenter of the coronavirus with nearly 5,800 deaths, DeSantis largely sidelined health experts and scientists, with The Washington Post reporting that he relied primarily on his wife, a former television reporter, and his chief of staff, a former hospital executive.[122]

Early in the pandemic, DeSantis boasted about the low number of COVID-19 cases in Florida, and harshly criticized those who had argued that the state’s lax response to the virus was insufficient.[122][135] Experts argued that delays in lockdown would greatly increase Florida’s COVID numbers and leave it susceptible to becoming a new hot spot.[136]

On March 8, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention privately briefed DeSantis that Florida was already experiencing community spread of COVID-19. The next day, he publicly denied that Florida was experiencing community spread of COVID-19.[137] On March 10, federal official Anthony Fauci publicly confirmed that Florida had community spread. DeSantis confirmed Florida’s community spread only on March 14.[137]

President Donald Trump and Governor DeSantis discuss coronavirus prevention efforts in Florida in an April 2020 meeting in the Oval Office of the White House.

By the end of March 2020, Florida had 6,741 confirmed cases of COVID-19. DeSantis declared that he would not issue a statewide stay-at-home order because the Trump administration had not recommended it.[138] On April 1, he ordered that all Floridians stay home for 30 days with exceptions for essential services and activities.[139] He received criticism for falsely stating on April 9 that COVID-19 had caused no fatalities under 25 in the United States. DeSantis acknowledged this error after critics pointed it out, and clarified that there have been no deaths from the virus in people under 25 in Florida.[140][141] In early June, he partially lifted his stay-at-home order, lifting restrictions on bars and cinemas; the same day he lifted the restrictions, Florida recorded the largest case surge in six weeks.[122]

DeSantis sought to have the 2020 Republican National Convention in Jacksonville. In conversations with Trump in May, he said he would not require the use of face masks.[122] By July, as Florida became a global epicenter of the virus, Trump called off the event.[122] During Trump’s reelection campaign, DeSantis worked to help him win Florida. He attended Trump’s rallies and high-fived attendees while not wearing a mask, contrary to public health guidance at the time.[142][143]

In June 2020, DeSantis said the bulk of new cases were present in “younger demographics” and argued that increased testing, particularly of asymptomatic individuals, and more efficient identification of outbreaks in areas such as prisons and in Florida’s agriculture sector were responsible for most of the increase. He emphasized that the strain on the hospital system and medical supplies such as ventilators had decreased since the previous peak in case numbers, and that Florida was ready to handle any additional influx in hospital patients, adding that the state had “twice as many” open hospital beds than on March 1. DeSantis announced that he would reinstate some restrictions on business activity in late June to halt the virus’s spread, but said Florida is “not going back” on reopening the economy, arguing that “people going to a business is not what’s driving” the surge in cases. Anthony Fauci said that states reopening faster than federal guidelines were contributing to a rise in cases.[144]

On June 28, 2020, DeSantis said Florida was in “good shape” in its fight against COVID-19.[145] In September 2020, he lifted all restrictions on capacity in bars and restaurants, despite persistent cases.[146][147] He banned cities and counties from collecting fines from face mask mandates[147] and urged public health officials in Florida cities to focus less on universal COVID-19 testing.[148]

The DeSantis administration largely ignored the scientists in Florida’s Emerging Pathogens Institute, the Sun-Sentinel reported.[137] Instead, in August and September 2020, DeSantis invited to Florida other scientists who endorsed less restrictive COVID-19 policies that he agreed with, so that they could conduct press conferences with him.[137] They included radiologist Scott Atlas, a Trump administration advisor known for spreading misinformation about COVID-19.[11][137]

DeSantis favored reopening schools for in-person learning for the 2020–21 school year.[149] By October 2020, he announced all 67 public school districts were open for in-person learning.[149]

In February 2021, DeSantis threatened to withhold COVID-19 vaccines from counties that criticized the manner in which vaccines were distributed.[150][151]

In May 2021, DeSantis signed a bill into law that prohibited businesses, cruise ships, schools, and government entities from requiring proof of vaccination for use of services.[152][153]

In July 2021, Florida experienced a record surge in COVID-19 cases, setting a new daily case record on July 30 and accounting for around 1 in 5 new infections in the country.[154] Amid the resurgence, DeSantis banned public schools from implementing mask mandates, claiming without evidence that masks were harmful to children,[155] and in August 2021 he threatened to fine, withhold funding, or withhold salary from any school district or school official who did so.[156] Previously, data released by the Florida Department of Health had tied over 100,000 COVID-19 cases to Florida private and public K-12 schools from September 2020 to April 2021.[157] In late August, the DeSantis administration ordered Alachua and Broward school districts to reverse their mask mandates or face a reduction in state funding, leading the districts’ leaders to declare that they would take legal action in response.[158]

In August 2021, President Biden singled out Florida and Texas as “states with low vaccination rates” that “account for one third of all new COVID-19 cases in the entire country”. Biden added, “if some governors aren’t willing to do the right thing to beat this pandemic, then they should allow businesses and universities who want to do the right thing to be able to do it.”[159] DeSantis responded, “We will not allow Joe Biden and his bureaucratic flunkies to come in and commandeer the rights and freedoms of Floridians.”[160] DeSantis also said, “No elected official is doing more to enable the transmission of COVID in America than Joe Biden with his open borders policies.”[161] The Washington Post reported that this claim was based on “guesswork and assumptions, not evidence”, while PolitiFact reported that COVID-19 hot spots tend to be clustered far from the border, in places with low rates of public vaccination, not along the southern border, as would be expected if migrants were driving the surge in cases.[159][161] Moreover, the U.S. does not have an open borders policy, as most migrants at the southern border are prevented from entering the country by Title 42.[159][161]

On August 27, 2021, Judge John Cooper ruled that DeSantis could not ban mask mandates in schools.[162] The state appealed, causing Cooper’s ruling to be automatically suspended while the appeal was considered, but Cooper overruled that suspension on September 8, lifting DeSantis’s ban, citing the need to protect unvaccinated children.[163]

DeSantis has heavily promoted monoclonal antibody treatment for COVID-19, which can treat people after they get sick and reduce hospitalization.[164] The novel medication is made by Regeneron, which is a major investment of DeSantis’s largest political donor.[165] At a September press conference, DeSantis said that local governments will face a $5,000 fine for imposing vaccine mandates.[166] He said government agency vaccine mandates violate the state’s law banning private businesses from requiring vaccine passports for customers.[166] People working in various public sectors spoke out against the vaccine and vaccine mandates, including one employee from Gainesville who falsely claimed the vaccine “changes your RNA”.[166]

On September 21, 2021, DeSantis appointed Joseph Ladapo, a vocal supporter of his COVID-19 policies, as Florida’s surgeon general.[167][168][169] Ladapo has a history of promoting unproven treatments against COVID-19, opposes COVID-19 vaccine requirements, has questioned the safety of COVID-19 vaccines, and has associated with America’s Frontline Doctors, a pro-Trump healthcare group known for promoting falsehoods about the pandemic.[168][170]

In October 2021, DeSantis offered to pay police officers from other states who refused to comply with vaccine requirements $5,000 to relocate to and work in Florida.[171]

On November 18, 2021, DeSantis signed a legislative package into law, officially making Florida the first state to impose fines on businesses and hospitals that require inoculation against COVID-19 without exemptions or alternatives. The legislation was signed a day after Florida Republican lawmakers passed his anti-mandate agenda. DeSantis called it “the strongest piece of legislation that’s been enacted anywhere in the country” in opposition to COVID-19 vaccination mandates.[172][173][174]

Political positions

DeSantis speaking at the Hudson Institute in June 2015

DeSantis is a Trumpist and Tea Party conservative.[175][176][177][178] He was endorsed by the Family Research Council Action PAC in 2015.[179]


DeSantis supports the implementation of a medical marijuana program in Florida, but opposes legalizing recreational marijuana.[52][53][54][180] He voted against the Veterans Equal Access Amendment, which would give veterans access to medical marijuana if recommended by their Veterans Health Administration doctor and if it is legal for medicinal purposes in their state.[181]

DeSantis and Representative Matt Gaetz held a press conference with John Morgan, a prominent medical marijuana advocate and former Democrat, in early 2019 to persuade the Florida legislature to lift a ban on smokable medical marijuana. According to sources involved, it was orchestrated by Gaetz, whom DeSantis trusted.[182]

Contraceptives and abortion

DeSantis opposes abortion[183] and has denounced Planned Parenthood.[184]

DeSantis agreed with the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc., saying “This case does not concern the availability or legality of contraceptives, and individuals can obtain and use these as they see fit. The question is simply whether the government can force the owners of Hobby Lobby to pay for abortifacients in violation of their faith.”[185]


DeSantis has said that the debate over how to reduce the federal deficit should shift emphasis from tax increases to curtailing spending and triggering economic growth.[186] He supports a “no budget no pay” policy for Congress to encourage the passage of a budget.[187] He believes the Federal Reserve System should be audited.[188]

In the wake of the alleged IRS targeting controversy, DeSantis called for IRS commissioner John Koskinen‘s resignation for having “failed the American people by frustrating Congress’s attempts to ascertain the truth.”[189][190] He co-sponsored a bill to impeach Koskinen for violating the public’s trust.[191] Citizens Against Government Waste, a conservative think tank, named DeSantis a “Taxpayer Superhero” in 2015.[192]

DeSantis supported the Regulations from the Executive in Need of Scrutiny (REINS) Act, which would require that regulations that have a significant economic impact be subject to a vote of Congress prior to taking effect.[193]

DeSantis introduced the Let Seniors Work Act, which would repeal the Retirement Earnings Test and exempt senior citizens from the 12.4% Social Security payroll tax, and co-sponsored a measure to eliminate taxes on Social Security benefits.[194]

DeSantis sponsored the Transportation Empowerment Act, which would transfer much of the responsibility for transportation projects to the states and sharply reduce the federal gas tax.[195][196]

DeSantis has opposed legislation to require online retailers to collect and pay state sales tax.[197]

DeSantis voted for the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.[198] He said the bill would bring a “dramatically lower tax rate”, “full expensing of capital investments”, and more jobs to America.[199]

As a result of a significant increase in gas prices, DeSantis would announce on November 22, 2021 that he would be temporarily waiving the state’s gas tax in the next legislative session in 2022.[200]


DeSantis opposes federal education programs such as No Child Left Behind Act and Race to the Top, saying that education policy should be made at the local level.[188]

DeSantis introduced the Higher Education Reform and Opportunity Act, which would allow states to create their own accreditation systems, in 2016. In an op-ed for National Review, DeSantis said that his legislation would give students “access to federal loan money to put towards non-traditional educational opportunities, such as online learning courses, vocational schools, and apprenticeships in skilled trades.”[201]

DeSantis led an effort to ban the teaching of critical race theory in Florida public schools, even though it had never been part of the curriculum, in June 2021.[202] The effort mirrored a nationwide push by conservative activists to promote controversy on the subject.[203][204] The Florida Board of Education approved the ban on June 10. The ban was criticized by the Florida Education Association, which accused the Florida Board of Education of trying to hide facts from students, and by critics who claimed the ban was an effort to “politicize classroom education and whitewash American history”.[205]

DeSantis signed three education bills into law on June 22, 2021[206] and suggested that state colleges and universities could lose funding if they were found to promote “stale ideology” and “indoctrination.” He offered no specific examples of students being indoctrinated by Florida higher education institutions.[207] House Bill 233 requires institutions to annually “assess the intellectual freedom and viewpoint diversity at that institution using a survey adopted by the State Board of Education”, while House Bill 5 and Senate Bill 1108 introduce new requirements for civics education, including lessons on the “evil of communist and totalitarian regimes”.[208] Critics of the laws, including the Florida Education Association, claim they will have a “chilling effect on intellectual and academic freedom” and that the bills were designed to intimidate educators and suppress the free exchange of ideas.[209][210]

DeSantis announced that Florida would replace the Florida Standards Assessment (FSA) test with a system of smaller tests scattered throughout the year on September 14, 2021. He said the replacement would be three tests for the fall, winter and spring, each smaller than the FSA. Florida Commissioner of Education Richard Corcoran agreed with the decision, calling it a “huge victory for the school system.” The new system is to be implemented by the 2022–23 school year.[211]


During his 2018 gubernatorial run, DeSantis said that he did not deny climate change’s existence but didn’t want to be labeled as a believer in climate change. Philosophically he has described himself as a “Teddy Roosevelt conservationist”. DeSantis supports banning hydraulic fracturing along with making inspections of septic tanks mandatory and stricter.[212]

He would sign House Bill 919 into law on June 21, 2021 which prohibits local governments from placing bans or restrictions along with enforcing these on any source of electricity. Several sizable cities in Florida at that time (Orlando, St. Petersburg, Tallahassee, Dunedin, Largo, Satellite Beach, Gainesville, Sarasota, Safety Harbor and Miami Beach) were setting goals to get all their energy from renewable sources at that time. The bill was described as similar to those in other states (Texas, Tennessee, Louisiana, Arizona and Oklahoma) that passed laws preventing cities from banning natural gas hookups.[213][214]

Foreign relations

DeSantis watches as President Donald Trump delivers remarks to the Venezuelan American community in February 2019


DeSantis condemned the U.S. military pullout from Afghanistan in 2021, saying it was poorly planned. He placed much of the blame on President Biden and accused him of making the country vulnerable to exploitation by China, Russia, North Korea and other geopolitical rivals of the United States. “After 9/11, we needed to go in and rout the Taliban and al-Qaida. But I think in hindsight, we should have come home after that. I think trying to do the democracy and all that, I think has been very problematic”, DeSantis said.[215] He also condemned the 2021 Kabul airport attack that killed 13 American soldiers.[216] The governor’s office sent an email to U.S. secretary of defense Lloyd Austin, Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Secretary of Homeland Security Alejandro Mayorkas on August 30, 2021, asking which Afghan refugees would be coming to Florida and the fates of those Floridians who were still in Afghanistan.[217]


After Hurricane Dorian struck The Bahamas, DeSantis told reporters that the U.S. federal government, not Florida, should bear responsibility for hurricane assistance. He encouraged donations to those affected by the hurricane through the Volunteer Florida website and urged Floridians not to cancel vacations to the country’s less-affected islands. DeSantis took an aerial tour of The Bahamas with the state’s two U.S. senators, Marco Rubio and Rick Scott, on September 6, 2019. After the tour, he said the Coast Guard was “doing a great job”. When asked on September 9, 2019, if he would lobby President Trump to support Rubio’s and Scott’s request to either waive or suspend visa requirements to allow Bahamians to temporarily live with families in the U.S., he said he did not support that idea.[218]


DeSantis introduced the Guantanamo Bay Recidivism Prevention Act, which would end foreign aid to countries that receive detainees if they reappear on the terrorism recidivism list, in 2015.[219]

DeSantis opposed President Obama’s plan to shut down the Guantanamo Bay detention camp, saying, “Bringing hardened terrorists to the U.S. homeland harms our national security.”[220]

Regarding the formal restart of diplomatic relations between the U.S. and Cuba, DeSantis said, “Raising the Cuban flag in the United States is a slap in the face to those who have experienced the brutality of the Castro regime.”[221]


DeSantis opposed the Iran nuclear deal framework, calling it “a bad deal that will significantly degrade our national security.”[222] He added, “the Iran deal gives Ayatollah Khamenei exactly what he wants: billions of dollars in sanctions relief, validation of the Iranian nuclear program, and the ability to stymie inspections.”[223]

During a line of questioning, DeSantis told Secretary of State John Kerry that the executive branch had a legal obligation to provide Congress with the details behind any side deals made between world leaders and Iran.[224] He accused Obama of treating Cuba’s Raul Castro and Iran’s ayatollah Ali Khamenei better than Israel’s Benjamin Netanyahu.[225]


DeSantis with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in May 2019

DeSantis introduced the Palestinian Accountability Act, which would halt U.S. aid to the Palestinian Authority until it formally recognizes Israel‘s right to exist as a Jewish state and severs all ties with the militant group Hamas, in 2013.[226]

DeSantis co-introduced the Non-Discrimination of Israel in Labeling Act, which would defend the right of Israeli producers to label products manufactured in the West Bank as “Israeli”, “Made in Israel,” or “Product of Israel”, in 2016.[227] He supported the relocation of the U.S. Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.[228]

As governor, DeSantis pledged to be “the most pro-Israel governor in America”.[229] In light of Airbnb‘s decision to no longer allow rentals of Israeli settlements in the West Bank, on January 15, 2019, DeSantis directed the Department of Management Services to no longer reimburse state employees and state contractors for travel expenses incurred with Airbnb;[230] later that month he accepted the State Board of Administration’s recommendation to place Airbnb on Florida’s “Scrutinized Companies List”.[231] DeSantis visited Israel — accompanied by staunch Zionist Sheldon Adelson, a megadonor to his 2018 gubernatorial campaign — in May to attend a ceremony held by Florida Atlantic University and Ariel University, celebrating the agreement of a plan to exchange and research opportunities between the universities’ respective students.[229][232]


DeSantis opted not to receive his congressional pension, and filed a measure that would eliminate pensions for members of Congress.[188] After introducing the End Pensions in Congress Act, DeSantis said, “The Founding Fathers envisioned elected officials as part of a servant class, yet Washington has evolved into a ruling class culture.”[233]

DeSantis supports a constitutional amendment to impose term limits on members of Congress, so that U.S. representatives would be limited to three terms and senators to two.[234] As of 2021, he has served three terms as a U.S. representative.[235]

Gun law

DeSantis opposes gun control. He received an A+ rating from the National Rifle Association.[236] He generally opposes firearm regulation, saying, “Very rarely do firearms restrictions affect criminals. They really only affect law-abiding citizens.”[237]

After the 2018 Stoneman Douglas High School shooting in Parkland, Florida, DeSantis expressed his support for hiring retired law enforcement officers and military veterans as armed guards for schools.[238] He disagrees with legislation Governor Rick Scott signed that banned bump stocks, added a mandatory three-day waiting period for gun purchases, and raised the legal age for purchases from 18 to 21.[21] He has expressed support for measures to improve federal background checks for purchasing firearms and has said that there is a need to intervene with those who are exhibiting warning signs of committing violence instead of waiting until a crime has been committed.[238]

In November 2020, DeSantis proposed an “anti-mob” extension to the preexisting stand-your-ground law in Florida that would allow gun-owning residents to use deadly force on individuals they believe are looting. It would also make blocking traffic during a protest a third-degree felony and impose criminal penalties for partaking in “violent or disorderly assemblies”.[239]

Health care

DeSantis opposes the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[240][241] He has called for its “full and complete repeal”.[240]

DeSantis said he was not ready to support the American Health Care Act, the House Republican effort to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act, in March 2017.[242] He did vote for the May 2017 Republican effort to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act.[243][244]

DeSantis announced he would sign an executive order prohibiting vaccine passports in Florida on March 29, 2021, and planned to ask the legislature to pass an identical statute.[245][246]


DeSantis was a critic of Obama’s immigration policies; he opposed Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) and Deferred Action for Parents of Americans (DAPA) and accused him of failing to enforce immigration laws.[247][248] DeSantis has sought to ban “sanctuary cities.”[249] He is a co-sponsor of the Establishing Mandatory Minimums for Illegal Reentry Act of 2015, also known as Kate’s Law, which would amend the Immigration and Nationality Act to increase penalties applicable to aliens who unlawfully reenter the United States after being removed.[250] DeSantis spoke at ACT! for America, an anti-Muslim advocacy group designated as a hate group by the Southern Poverty Law Center and the Center for American Progress, in 2017.[251]

After the November 2015 Paris attacks, DeSantis “called for urgent recognition that Islamic extremism is to blame for the Paris attacks and should be seen as an enemy for America.” He has said, “The enemy is an ideology rooted in militant Islam” and that ISIS must be stopped and its members kept away from America.[252] Of U.S. policy toward refugees, DeSantis said, “the prudent policy is to err on the side of protecting the American people”.[253]

LGBT rights

DeSantis has a “0” rating from the Human Rights Campaign for his voting record on LGBT-related issues and legislation.[254][255] In 2018, he told the Sun Sentinel that he “doesn’t want any discrimination in Florida, I want people to be able to live their life, whether you’re gay or whether you’re religious.”[256]

In January 2019, less than a week after taking office, DeSantis issued a nondiscrimination order for state employees reiterating former governor Scott’s order; the order included race, age, sex, color, religion, national origin, marital status, and disability, but had no protections for sexual orientation or gender identity. Equality Florida strongly criticized DeSantis, with the organization’s senior political director saying that it was “deeply disappointed to see that LGBTQ employees and contractors have been left out of the governor’s executive order.”[257] Scott had pledged to sign an LGBT-inclusive order as governor, but did not follow through on the grounds that proper federal protections existed.[258]

In June 2019, DeSantis’s office issued a proclamation honoring the victims of the June 12, 2016, Orlando nightclub shooting at the Pulse gay bar and nightclub in Orlando, where 49 people were killed and 50 others were injured by Omar Mateen. The proclamation did not include any reference to the LGBT community, sparking severe criticism and accusations that DeSantis intentionally omitted the category from the message; Democratic state representatives Anna Eskamani and Carlos Guillermo Smith, who is openly gay, lambasted DeSantis, while gun control activist Fred Guttenberg, whose daughter was killed in a school shooting in Broward County a year earlier, asked whether the omission was predetermined. DeSantis reissued the proclamation with revisions including mentions of the LGBT community, and a spokesperson said the omission was an error by DeSantis’s staff. Scott included an LGBT reference in a previous Pulse memorial message.[259]

Russia investigation

According to the Tampa Bay Times, DeSantis “made a name for himself [in 2017] attacking special counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation into Russian meddling in the 2016 election.”[260]

DeSantis proposed an amendment that would halt funding for Mueller’s 2017 Special Counsel investigation probe six months after the amendment’s passage.[261] In addition, the provision would prohibit Mueller from investigating matters that occurred before June 2015, when Trump launched his presidential campaign.[262] In December 2017, DeSantis asserted that if there was any evidence of collusion between members of the Trump campaign and Russian officials, it would already have been leaked.[263]

In January 2018, while on the House Intelligence Committee, DeSantis voted on party lines to release a classified memo authored by Republicans on the committee which purported to show that the FBI abused its surveillance powers in the Russia investigation.[264] He voted not to release a memo authored by Democrats on the committee that accused Republicans on the committee of playing politics with national security.[264] Democrats described the Republican-authored memo as grossly distorted and intended to discredit Mueller’s investigation, and said that the Republicans on the committee had begun an investigation into the FBI and DOJ.[264]

In April 2018, DeSantis called on FBI director Christopher Wray to criminally investigate a number of officials involved in investigating Russian interference in the 2016 election, including former FBI director James Comey, former acting director of the FBI Andrew McCabe, FBI agent Peter Strzok and FBI counsel Lisa Page.[265] He also called for investigations of a number of former Obama officials, including Loretta Lynch and Hillary Clinton.[266]

On October 10, 2019, a spokesman for DeSantis announced that he would be “returning a political contribution he received from two Soviet-born businessmen, Lev Parnas and Igor Fruman, through their company Global Energy Producers. Parnas and Fruman are accused of funneling foreign cash into U.S. elections to increase their influence and promote their business interests; they are central figures in the Trump-Ukraine scandal and impeachment inquiry. “They made the donation a day before Trump tweeted his ‘full endorsement’ of DeSantis.”[267]

Technology companies

In response to social media networks removing Trump from their platforms, DeSantis and other Florida Republicans pushed legislation in the Florida legislature to prohibit technology companies from de-platforming political candidates.[268] A federal judge blocked the law by preliminary injunction the day before it was to take effect, on the grounds that it violated the First Amendment and federal law.[269] When Twitter suspended DeSantis administration critic Rebekah Jones‘s account for violating rules against spam and platform manipulation, DeSantis’s office applauded the decision, calling it “long overdue”.[270][271]


DeSantis has sharply criticized the United States Department of Veterans Affairs for the Veterans Health Administration scandal of 2014, in which veteran deaths were linked to wait times. He co-sponsored the VA Accountability Act, which aims to increase accountability by providing for the removal or demotion of employees of the Department of Veterans Affairs based on performance or misconduct.[272][273] He is a member of the Post-9/11 Veterans Caucus.[274] DeSantis worked with a Marine Corps veteran of Afghanistan, Cole Lyle, and a nonprofit in his district, K9s for Warriors, to advance the Puppies Assisting Wounded Servicemembers (PAWS) Act of 2016.[275] The bill sought to expand veteran access to service dogs as a form of treatment for Post Traumatic Stress at the VA. The bill did not pass in the 115th Congress, but a modified version passed the House of Representatives in 2019.[276][277]

Voting rights

DeSantis expressed support for the Voting Rights Restoration for Felons Initiative after it passed in November 2018, saying that he was “obligated to faithfully implement [it] as it is defined” when he became governor. After he refused to restore the voting rights for felons with unpaid fines, which voting rights groups said was inconsistent with the results of the referendum, he was challenged in court. The Florida Supreme Court sided with DeSantis on the issue,[278] and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit also sided with DeSantis in a 6–4 ruling.[279]

DeSantis instructed Florida Attorney General Ashley Moody to investigate allegations of voter fraud perpetrated by former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg after he announced a $16 million investment to pay off the financial obligations for felons so they may vote ahead of the 2020 presidential election in Florida. The allegations asserted Bloomberg had broken the law by offering incentives to vote.[280]

After Donald Trump lost the 2020 election and refused to concede while making false claims of fraud, DeSantis and other Republicans proposed changes to restrict voting rights in Florida. DeSantis called for eliminating ballot drop boxes, as well as limiting voting by mail by requiring that voters re-register every year to vote by mail and requiring that signatures on mail-in ballots “must match the most recent signature on file” (rather than any of the voter’s signatures in the Florida system).[281][282] The changes to mail-in voting were notable given that Republicans had traditionally voted by mail more than Democrats, but Democrats outvoted Republicans by mail in 2020.[281] According to a Tampa Bay Times analysis, DeSantis’s signature match proposal could have led to rejections of his own mail-in ballots due to changes in his signature history over time; voting rights experts argued that the signature matching proposal could be used to disenfranchise voters whose signatures varied over time.[282]

Law enforcement

DeSantis called for Broward County sheriff Scott Israel to resign after the shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School. Many people accused Israel of running his department poorly and not properly handling or responding to the shooting. DeSantis said that had he been governor when the shooting occurred he would have removed Israel from his position.[283][284] On January 11, shortly after taking office as governor, DeSantis suspended Israel from his duties. Israel declared that he intended to contest his suspension. On October 23, the Florida Senate voted 25–15 to permanently remove him.[285] Desantis opposes efforts to defund the police, and as governor has introduced initiatives to “fund the police”.[286][287]

Personal life

Ron and Casey DeSantis in January 2019

DeSantis is a Roman Catholic.[288] He married Casey Black, a former television host for the Golf Channel and WJXT, in 2010. They lived in Ponte Vedra Beach, near St. Augustine, until it was drawn into the neighboring 4th district. They then moved to Palm Coast, north of Daytona Beach.[289][290] They have three children.[291] DeSantis is a member of the Veterans of Foreign Wars and the American Legion.[292]

DeSantis’s younger sister Christina died on May 12, 2015 in London. She graduated from Dunedin High School in 2003. After graduating from high school she attended Florida State University, where she got a BS degree in 2007 and an MS in 2010. At the time of her death Christina was engaged to Stephan Pasiewicz, who was from London and had last worked as a financial advisor for KPMG in Charlotte, North Carolina.[8]

DeSantis played on the field the day of the Congressional baseball shooting, and while not present at the time it occurred, he and fellow Representative Jeff Duncan reportedly met the perpetrator beforehand and were asked by him whether Republicans or Democrats were playing that day.[293]


  • DeSantis, Ron (2011). Dreams from Our Founding Fathers: First Principles in the Age of Obama. Jacksonville: High-Pitched Hum Publishing. ISBN 978-1-934666-80-7.

Electoral history

2012 Florida’s 6th congressional district election[294]
Republican Ron DeSantis 195,962 57.3
DemocraticHeather Beaven146,48942.8
Total votes342,451 100.0
Republican hold
2014 Florida’s 6th congressional district election[295]
Republican Ron DeSantis (incumbent) 166,254 62.5
DemocraticDavid Cox99,56337.5
Total votes265,817 100.0
Republican hold
2016 Florida’s 6th congressional district election[296]
Republican Ron DeSantis (incumbent) 213,519 58.6
DemocraticBill McCullough151,05141.4
Total votes364,570 100.0
Republican hold
2018 Florida gubernatorial election[297]
Republican Ron DeSantis
Jeanette Nuñez
4,076,186 49.6
DemocraticAndrew Gillum
Chris King
ReformDarcy Richardson
Nancy Argenziano
IndependentKyle “KC” Gibson
Ellen Wilds
IndependentRyan Christopher Foley
John Tutton Jr.
IndependentBruce Stanley
Ryan McJury
Total votes8,220,561 100.0
Republican hold

Primary elections

2012 Florida’s Republican 6th congressional district primary[298]
Republican Ron DeSantis 24,132 38.8
RepublicanFred Costello14,18922.8
RepublicanBeverly Slough8,22913.2
RepublicanCraig Miller8,11313.1
RepublicanRichard Clark6,0909.8
RepublicanAlec Pueschel7391.2
RepublicanWilliam Billy Kogut6281.0
Total votes62,120 100.0
2016 Florida’s Republican 6th congressional district primary[299]
Republican Ron DeSantis (incumbent) 41,311 61.0
RepublicanFred Costello16,69024.7
RepublicanG.G. Galloway9,68314.3
Total votes67,684 100.0
2018 Florida Republican gubernatorial primary[300]
RepublicanRon DeSantis913,67956.5
RepublicanAdam Putnam591,44936.6
RepublicanBob White32,5802.0
RepublicanTimothy M. Devine21,3201.3
RepublicanBob Langford19,7711.2
RepublicanBruce Nathan14,4870.9
RepublicanDon Baldauf13,1250.8
RepublicanJohn Joseph Mercadante11,6020.7
Total votes1,618,013 100.0


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External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida’s 6th congressional district

Succeeded by

Party political offices
Preceded by

Republican nominee for Governor of Florida
Most recent
Political offices
Preceded by

Governor of Florida
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by

as Vice President

Order of precedence of the United States
Within Florida
Succeeded by

Mayor of city
in which event is held
Succeeded by

Preceded by

as Governor of Michigan

Order of precedence of the United States
Outside Florida
Succeeded by

as Governor of Texas