Current Position: US Senator since 2011
Former Position(s): US Representative from 2000 – 2008
Ranking Member, Select Committee on Intelligence
Ranking Member, Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere, Transnational Crime, Civilian Security, Democracy, Human Rights, and Global Women’s Issues – Committee on Foreign Relations
On Friday @CDCgov called #COVID19 “a pandemic of the unvaccinated” Four days later,they now want to force fully vaccinated people to wear masks again based on “new science related to the delta variant” Before stirring up fights over masks they should have released that science.
Senator Rubio Delivers Floor Speech Addressing the Political Protests in Cuba
Fox News, – September 15, 2021 (Short)
The Florida senator is expected to roll out legislation Wednesday that would prohibit federal departments and agencies from taking any action that states or implies recognition of the Taliban’s claim of sovereignty over Afghanistan.
The legislation is supported by GOP Sens. Shelley Moore Capito of West Virginia, Dan Sullivan of Alaska, Thom Tillis of North Carolina, Tommy Tuberville of Alabama, and Cynthia Lummis of Wyoming.
Source: Government page
I wake up every day driven to make a difference for you in the United States Senate. I know the most important work in America today is happening in people’s homes, where parents are raising their children and making sacrifices so they can have greater opportunities than the generation before them. I also understand our laws and government’s policies can make it easier – or harder – for your family to pursue and achieve the American Dream.
My office and I are here to help. During my first term in the Senate, we resolved more than 30,000 cases for constituents who sought our help with various issues, and we logged over 1,000 mobile office hours to reach Floridians in every corner of the state. We are proud of these accomplishments and hope to continue this success in my second term.
I’m passionate about serving people because I know how individuals can get lost in the federal government’s bureaucracy when they seek assistance with their veterans’ benefits, Social Security or Medicare, or another federal service. I’ve seen how a broken federal housing inspections process endangers the health and safety of people I represent.
Today, many people worry that the American Dream is slipping away from their reach, and that their children and grandchildren won’t be better off than they were. I’m committed to not letting that happen. I believe in the American Dream because I’ve lived it. My parents came to America from Cuba in 1956 and earned their way to the middle class working humble jobs – my father as a bartender in hotels and my mom as a maid, cashier and stock clerk. By their loving and powerful example, I learned the importance of family and hard work, and believed all things are possible in America.
I have spent most of my life in West Miami, and live there today with my wife Jeanette and our four children. One of the many reasons I love living in Florida and representing its people are the diverse backgrounds and stories of those in my community. Some have made it in America, others are just starting out, and many more are trying to make it. There are homes led by heroic single parents or grandparents, homes with two hardworking parents, and homes with multiple generations living together.
For as long as I can remember, my neighbors helped shape my impression of the American Dream, and it wasn’t long after I earned my bachelor’s degree from the University of Florida in 1993 and my juris doctor from the University of Miami Law School in 1996 that I felt drawn to serve them in public office.
I started as a City Commissioner for West Miami before being elected to the Florida House of Representatives in 2000, and then speaker in November 2006. Before taking this post, I authored the book 100 Innovative Ideas for Florida’s Future, which was based on conversations I had with Floridians at “idearaisers” that my colleagues and I hosted around the state. As speaker, I helped enact many of the ideas in this book.
I was proud to be a champion for smarter, limited government at the state level, but after seeing the impact of our successes there, I wanted to take my ideas for conservative reform to where they were needed the most: Washington, D.C.
When I launched my campaign for the U.S. Senate in 2009, I was expected to lose big to my better-funded and better-known Republican primary opponent. But with a come-from-behind victory, the people of Florida elected me on the promise of bringing conservative ideas to the United States Senate.
Since arriving in the Senate in January 2011, I’ve fought against the Washington establishment’s big government vision, supported replacing ObamaCare with a better health care system, and opposed bloated budgets that increased taxpayer debt at the expense of creating jobs and real prosperity.
With my assignments on the Special Committee on Aging, the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Select Committee on Intelligence, and the Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship, I’m focused on reforming our government and keeping Americans safe. I will continue to work with members of both parties on commonsense solutions, and whenever necessary, stand alone as a check and balance. That’s how our Founding Fathers envisioned the Senate.
In addition to the unique federal issues affecting Florida, some of my top priorities include fighting poverty by encouraging states to empower their people, bringing affordable higher education within reach of every American, sparking economic growth by capitalizing on innovation and the global economy, improving Social Security and Medicare for seniors and saving these programs for future generations, and defending our families by revitalizing America’s military strength.
I’m proud to serve you in the Senate. Please don’t hesitate to contact me with your ideas and views on how government can work more effectively.
- Committee on Appropriations
- Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
- Select Committee on Intelligence (Ranking Member)
- Committee on Foreign Relations
- Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere, Transnational Crime, Civilian Security, Democracy, Human Rights, and Global Women’s Issues (Ranking Member)
- Subcommittee on East Asia, the Pacific, and International Cybersecurity Policy
- Subcommittee on State Department and USAID Management, International Operations, and Bilateral International Development
- Special Committee on Aging
- Senate Republican Conference
Washington, DC Office
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Washington, DC 20510
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Palm Beach Gardens, FL 33418
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402 South Monroe Street
Tallahassee, FL 32399
Phone: (850) 599-9100
700 S. Palafox St.
Pensacola, Florida 32502
Phone: (850) 433-2603
Marco Antonio Rubio (born May 28, 1971) is an American politician and lawyer serving as the senior United States senator from Florida, a seat he has held since 2011. A member of the Republican Party, he served as speaker of the Florida House of Representatives from 2006 to 2008. Rubio unsuccessfully sought the Republican nomination for president of the United States in 2016, winning presidential primaries in Minnesota, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.
Rubio is a Cuban American from Miami, Florida. After serving as a city commissioner for West Miami in the 1990s, he was elected to represent the 111th district in the Florida House of Representatives in 2000. Subsequently, he was elected speaker of the Florida House, and was Speaker for two years beginning in November 2006. Upon leaving the Florida legislature in 2008 due to term limits, Rubio taught at Florida International University.
Rubio was elected to the United States Senate in 2010. In April 2015, he decided to run for president instead of seeking reelection to the Senate. He suspended his campaign for president on March 15, 2016, after losing the Florida Republican primary to the eventual winner of the presidential election, Donald Trump. He then decided to run for reelection to the Senate, winning a second term later that year. During the 2016 Republican presidential primary campaign in which Rubio and Trump were opponents, Rubio was critical of Trump. Rubio ultimately endorsed Trump before the 2016 general election and was largely supportive of Trump during his presidency. Due to his influence on U.S. policy on Latin America during the Trump administration, he was described as a “virtual secretary of state for Latin America.”
Early life and education
Marco Antonio Rubio was born in Miami, Florida, the second son and third child of Mario Rubio Reina and Oriales (née Garcia) Rubio. His parents were Cubans who immigrated to the United States in 1956 during the regime of Fulgencio Batista, two and a half years before Fidel Castro ascended to power after the Cuban Revolution. His mother made at least four return trips to Cuba after Castro’s takeover, including a month-long trip in 1961. Neither of Rubio’s parents was a U.S. citizen at the time of Rubio’s birth, but his parents applied for U.S. citizenship and were naturalized in 1975. Some relatives of Rubio’s were admitted to the U.S. as refugees.
Rubio’s maternal grandfather, Pedro Victor Garcia, immigrated to the U.S. legally in 1956, but returned to Cuba to find work in 1959. When he fled communist Cuba and returned to the U.S. in 1962 without a visa, he was detained as an undocumented immigrant and an immigration judge ordered him to be deported. Immigration officials reversed their decision later that day, the deportation order was not enforced, and Garcia was given a legal status of “parolee” that allowed him to stay in the U.S. Garcia re-applied for permanent resident status in 1966 following passage of the Cuban Adjustment Act, at which point his residency was approved. Rubio enjoyed a close relationship with his grandfather during his childhood.
In October 2011, The Washington Post reported that Rubio’s previous statements that his parents were forced to leave Cuba in 1959 (after Fidel Castro came to power) were embellishments. His parents actually left Cuba in 1956, during the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista. According to the Post, “[in] Florida, being connected to the post-revolution exile community gives a politician cachet that could never be achieved by someone identified with the pre-Castro exodus, a group sometimes viewed with suspicion.” Rubio denied that he had embellished his family history, stating that his public statements about his family were based on “family lore”. Rubio asserted that his parents intended to return to Cuba in the 1960s. He added that his mother took his two elder siblings back to Cuba in 1961 with the intention of living there permanently (his father remained behind in Miami “wrapping up the family’s matters”), but the nation’s move toward communism caused the family to change its plans. Rubio stated that “[the] essence of my family story is why they came to America in the first place; and why they had to stay.”
Rubio has three siblings: older brother Mario, older sister Barbara (married to Orlando Cicilia), and younger sister Veronica (formerly married to entertainer Carlos Ponce). Growing up, his family was Catholic, though from age 8 to age 11 he and his family attended The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints while living in Las Vegas. During those years in Nevada, his father worked as a bartender at Sam’s Town Hotel and his mother as a housekeeper at the Imperial Palace Hotel and Casino. He received his first communion as a Catholic in 1984 before moving back to Miami with his family a year later. He was confirmed and later married in the Catholic Church.
Rubio attended South Miami Senior High School, graduating in 1989. He attended Tarkio College in Missouri for one year on a football scholarship before enrolling at Santa Fe Community College (now Santa Fe College) in Gainesville, Florida. He earned his Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from the University of Florida in 1993 and his Juris Doctor cum laude from the University of Miami School of Law in 1996. Rubio has said that he incurred $100,000 in student loans. He paid off those loans in 2012.
While studying law, Rubio interned for U.S. Representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen. He also worked on Republican senator Bob Dole‘s 1996 presidential campaign. In April 1998, two years after finishing law school, Rubio was elected to a seat as city commissioner for West Miami. He became a member of the Florida House of Representatives in early 2000.
Florida House of Representatives
Elections and concurrent employment
In late 1999, a special election was called to fill the seat for the 111th House District in the Florida House of Representatives, representing Miami. It was considered a safe Republican seat, so Rubio’s main challenge was to win the GOP nomination. He campaigned as a moderate, advocating tax cuts and early childhood education.
Rubio placed second in the Republican primary on December 14, 1999, but won the run-off election for the Republican nomination, defeating Angel Zayon (a television and radio reporter who was popular with Cuban exiles) by just 64 votes. He then defeated Democrat Anastasia Garcia with 72% of the vote in a January 25, 2000, special election.
In November 2000, Rubio won re-election unopposed. In 2002, he won re-election to a second full term unopposed. In 2004, he won re-election to a third full term with 66% of the vote. In 2006, he won re-election to a fourth full term unopposed.
Rubio spent almost nine years in the Florida House of Representatives. Since the Florida legislative session officially lasted only sixty days, he spent about half of each year in Miami, where he practiced law, first at a law firm that specialized in land use and zoning until 2014 when he took a position with Broad and Cassel, a Miami law and lobbying firm (though state law precluded him from engaging in lobbying or introducing legislation on behalf of the firm’s clients).
When Rubio took his seat in the legislature in Tallahassee in January 2000, voters in Florida had recently approved a constitutional amendment on term limits. This created openings for new legislative leaders due to many senior incumbents having to retire. According to an article in National Journal, Rubio also gained an extra advantage in that regard, because he was sworn in early due to the special election, and he would take advantage of these opportunities to join the GOP leadership.
Majority whip and majority leader
Later in 2000, the majority leader of the House, Mike Fasano, promoted Rubio to be one of two majority whips. National Journal described that position as typically requiring a lot of arm-twisting, but said Rubio took a different approach that relied more on persuading legislators and less on coercing them.
Fasano resigned in September 2001 as majority leader of the House due to disagreements with the House speaker, and the speaker passed over Rubio to appoint a more experienced replacement for Fasano. Rubio volunteered to work on redistricting, which he accomplished by dividing the state into five regions, then working individually with the lawmakers involved, and this work helped to cement his relationships with GOP leaders.
In December 2002, Rubio was appointed House majority leader by Speaker Johnnie Byrd. He persuaded Speaker Byrd to restructure the job of majority leader, so that legislative wrangling would be left to the whip’s office, and Rubio would become the main spokesperson for the House GOP.
According to National Journal, during this period Rubio did not entirely adhere to doctrinaire conservative principles, and some colleagues described him as a centrist “who sought out Democrats and groups that don’t typically align with the GOP”. He co-sponsored legislation that would have let farmworkers sue growers in state court if they were shortchanged on pay, and co-sponsored a bill for giving in-state tuition rates to the children of undocumented immigrants. In the wake of the September 11 attacks, he voiced suspicion about expanding police detention powers and helped defeat a GOP bill that would have required colleges to increase reporting to the state about foreign students.
As a state representative, Rubio requested legislative earmarks (called “Community Budget Issue Requests” in Florida), totaling about $145 million for 2001 and 2002, but none thereafter. Additionally, an office in the executive branch compiled a longer list of spending requests by legislators, including Rubio, as did the non-profit group Florida TaxWatch. Many of those listed items were for health and social programs that Rubio has described as “the kind of thing that legislators would get attacked on if we didn’t fund them”. A 2010 report by the Tampa Bay Times and Miami Herald said that some of Rubio’s spending requests dovetailed with his personal interests. For example, Rubio requested a $20 million appropriation for Jackson Memorial Hospital to subsidize care for the poor and uninsured, and Rubio later did work for that hospital as a consultant. A spokesman for Rubio has said that the items in question helped the whole county, that Rubio did not lobby to get them approved, that the hospital money was necessary and non-controversial, and that Rubio is “a limited-government conservative … not a no-government conservative”.
On September 13, 2005, at age 34, Rubio became speaker after State Representatives Dennis Baxley, Jeff Kottkamp, and Dennis A. Ross dropped out. He was sworn in a year later, in November 2006. He became the first Cuban American to be speaker of the Florida House of Representatives, and would remain speaker until November 2008.
When he was chosen as future speaker in 2005, Rubio delivered a speech to the House in which he asked members to look in their desks, where they each found a hardcover book titled 100 Innovative Ideas For Florida’s Future; but the book was blank because it had not yet been written, and Rubio told his colleagues that they would fill in the pages together with the help of ordinary Floridians. In 2006, after traveling around the state and talking with citizens, and compiling their ideas, Rubio published the book. The National Journal called this book “the centerpiece of Rubio’s early speakership”. About 24 of the “ideas” became law, while another 10 were partially enacted. Among the items from his 2006 book that became law were multiple-year car registrations, a requirement that high schools provide more vocational courses, and an expanded voucher-like school-choice program. Rubio’s defenders, and some critics, point out that nationwide economic difficulties overlapped with much of Rubio’s speakership, and so funding new legislative proposals became difficult.
As Rubio took office as Speaker, Jeb Bush was completing his term as governor, and Bush left office in January 2007. Rubio hired 18 Bush aides, leading capitol insiders to say the speaker’s suite was “the governor’s office in exile”. An article in National Journal described Rubio’s style as being very different from Bush’s; where Bush was a very assertive manager of affairs in Tallahassee, Rubio’s style was to delegate certain powers, relinquish others, and invite political rivals into his inner circle. As the incoming speaker, he decided to open a private dining room for legislators, which he said would give members more privacy, free from being pursued by lobbyists, though the expense led to a public relations problem.
In 2006, Florida enacted into law limitations upon the authority of the state government to take private property, in response to the 2005 Supreme Court decision in Kelo v. City of New London which took a broad view of governmental power to take private property under eminent domain. This state legislation had been proposed by a special committee chaired by Rubio prior to his speakership.
Jeb Bush was succeeded by Charlie Crist, a moderate Republican who took office in January 2007. Rubio and Crist clashed frequently. Their sharpest clash involved the governor’s initiative to expand casino gambling in Florida. Rubio sued Crist for bypassing the Florida Legislature in order to make a deal with the Seminole Tribe. The Florida Supreme Court sided with Rubio and blocked the deal.
Rubio also was a critic of Crist’s strategy to fight climate change through an executive order creating new automobile and utility emissions standards. Rubio accused Crist of imposing “European-style big government mandates”, and the legislature under Rubio’s leadership weakened the impact of Crist’s climate change initiative. Rubio said that Crist’s approach would harm consumers by driving up utility bills without having much effect upon the environment, and that a better approach would be to promote biofuel (e.g. ethanol), solar panels, and energy efficiency.
Rubio introduced a plan to reduce state property taxes to 2001 levels (and potentially eliminate them altogether), while increasing sales taxes by 1% to 2.5% to fund schools. The proposal would have reduced property taxes in the state by $40–50 billion. His proposal passed the House, but was opposed by Governor Crist and Florida Senate Republicans, who said that the increase in sales tax would disproportionately affect the poor. So, Rubio agreed to smaller changes, and Crist’s proposal to double the state’s property tax exemption from $25,000 to $50,000 (for a tax reduction estimated by Crist to be $33 billion) ultimately passed. Legislators called it the largest tax cut in Florida’s history up until then. At the time, Republican anti-tax activist Grover Norquist described Rubio as “the most pro-taxpayer legislative leader in the country”.
As Speaker, Rubio “aggressively tried to push Florida to the political right“, according to NBC News, and frequently clashed with the Florida Senate, which was run by more moderate Republicans, and with then-Governor Charlie Crist, a centrist Republican at the time. Although a conservative, “behind the scenes many Democrats considered Rubio someone with whom they could work,” according to biographer Manuel Roig-Franzia. Dan Gelber of Miami, the House Democratic leader at the time of Rubio’s speakership, considered him “a true conservative” but not “a reflexive partisan”, saying: “He didn’t have an objection to working with the other side simply because they were the other side. To put it bluntly, he wasn’t a jerk.” Gelber considered Rubio “a severe conservative, really far to the right, but probably the most talented spokesman the severe right could ever hope for.”
While speaker of the Florida House, Rubio shared a residence in Tallahassee with another Florida State Representative, David Rivera, which the two co-owned. The house later went into foreclosure in 2010 after several missed mortgage payments. At that point, Rubio assumed responsibility for the payments, and the house was eventually sold.
In 2007, Florida state senator Tony Hill (D-Jacksonville), chairman of the state legislature’s Black Caucus, requested that the legislature apologize for slavery, and Rubio said the idea merited discussion. The following year, a supportive Rubio said such apologies can be important albeit symbolic; he pointed out that even in 2008 young African-American males “believe that the American dream is not available to them”. He helped set up a council on issues facing black men and boys, persuaded colleagues to replicate the Harlem Children’s Zone in the Miami neighborhood of Liberty City, and supported efforts to promote literacy and mentoring for black children and others.
In 2010 during Rubio’s Senate campaign, and again in 2015 during his presidential campaign, issues were raised by the media and his political opponents about some items charged by Rubio to his Republican Party of Florida American Express card during his time as House speaker. Rubio charged about $110,000 during those two years, of which $16,000 was personal expenses unrelated to party business, such as groceries and plane tickets. Rubio said that he personally paid American Express more than $16,000 for these personal expenses. In 2012, the Florida Commission on Ethics cleared Rubio of wrongdoing in his use of the party-issued credit card, although the commission inspector said that Rubio exhibited a “level of negligence” in not using his personal MasterCard. In November 2015, Rubio released his party credit card statements for January 2005 through October 2006, which showed eight personal charges totaling $7,243.74, all of which he had personally reimbursed, in most instances by the next billing period. When releasing the charge records, Rubio spokesman Todd Harris said, “These statements are more than 10 years old. And the only people who ask about them today are the liberal media and our political opponents. We are releasing them now because Marco has nothing to hide.”
After leaving the Florida Legislature in 2008, Rubio began teaching under a fellowship appointment at Florida International University (FIU) as an adjunct professor. In 2011, after entering the U.S. Senate, he rejoined the FIU faculty. Rubio teaches in the Department of Politics and International Relations, which is part of FIU’s Steven J. Green School of International and Public Affairs. He has taught undergraduate courses on Florida politics, political parties, and legislative politics.
Rubio’s appointment as an FIU professor was initially criticized. The university obtained considerable state funding when Rubio was speaker of the Florida House, and many other university jobs were being eliminated due to funding issues at the time FIU appointed him to the faculty. When Rubio accepted the fellowship appointment as an adjunct professor at FIU, he agreed to raise most of the funding for his position from private sources.
On May 5, 2009, Rubio stated his intent to run for the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by Mel Martínez, who had decided not to seek re-election and subsequently resigned before completing his term. Prior to launching his campaign, Rubio had met with fundraisers and supporters throughout the state. Initially trailing by double digits in the primary against the incumbent governor of his own party, Charlie Crist, Rubio eventually surpassed Crist in polling for the Republican nomination. In his campaign, Rubio received the support of members of the Tea Party, many of whom were dissatisfied with Crist’s policies as governor. On April 28, 2010, Crist stated he would be running without a party affiliation, effectively ceding the Republican nomination to Rubio. Several of Crist’s top fundraisers, as well as Republican leadership, refused to support Crist after Rubio won the Republican nomination for the Senate.
On November 2, 2010, Rubio won the general election with 49 percent of the vote to Crist’s 30% and Democrat Kendrick Meek‘s 20%. When Rubio was sworn in to the U.S. Senate, he and Bob Menendez of New Jersey were the only two Latino Americans in the Senate.
In April 2015, Rubio decided to run for president instead of seeking re-election to the Senate. After suspending his presidential campaign on March 15, 2016, Rubio “seemed to open the door to running for re-election” on June 13, 2016, citing the previous day’s Orlando nightclub shooting and how “it really gives you pause, to think a little bit about your service to your country and where you can be most useful to your country.” Rubio officially started his campaign nine days later, on June 22. Rubio won the Republican primary on August 30, 2016, defeating Carlos Beruff. He faced Democratic nominee Patrick Murphy in the general election, defeating him with almost 52% of the vote.
Tenure as senator
During Rubio’s first four years in the U.S. Senate, Republicans were in the minority. After the 2014 midterm elections, the Republicans obtained majority control of the Senate, giving Rubio and the Republicans vast federal influence during the final two years of Barack Obama’s presidency, as well as during all four years of Donald Trump’s presidency. After the 2020 elections, the Democrats regained majority control of the Senate, and Rubio has reassumed minority status within the Senate.
Shortly after taking office in 2011, Rubio said he had no interest in running for president or vice president in the 2012 presidential election. In March 2012, when he endorsed Mitt Romney for president, Rubio said that he did not expect to be or want to be selected as a vice presidential running mate, but was vetted for vice president by the Romney campaign. Former Romney aide Beth Myers has said that the vetting process turned up nothing disqualifying about Rubio.
Upon taking office, Rubio hired Cesar Conda as his chief of staff. Conda, a former adviser to Vice President Dick Cheney, and former top aide to Sens. Spencer Abraham (R-Mich.) and Robert Kasten (R-Wis.), was succeeded in 2014 as Rubio’s chief of staff by his deputy, Alberto Martinez, but Conda remained as a part-time adviser.
During his first year in office, Rubio became an influential defender of the United States embargo against Cuba and induced the State Department to withdraw an ambassadorial nomination of Jonathan D. Farrar, who was the Chief of Mission of the United States Interests Section in Havana from 2008 to 2011. Rubio believed that Farrar was not assertive enough toward the Castro regime. Also in 2011, Rubio was invited to visit the Reagan Library, during which he gave a well-publicized speech praising its namesake, and also rescued Nancy Reagan from falling.
In March 2011, Rubio supported U.S. participation in the military campaign in Libya to oust Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi. He urged that Senate leaders bring “a bi-partisan resolution to the Senate floor authorizing the president’s decision to participate in allied military action in Libya”. The administration decided that no congressional authorization was needed under the War Powers Resolution; Senator Joe Lieberman (I-CT) joined Rubio in writing an opinion piece for the Wall Street Journal in June 2011 again urging passage of such authorization. In October 2011, Rubio joined several other senators in pushing for continued engagement to “help Libya lay the foundation for sustainable security”. Soon after Gadhafi was ousted, Rubio warned there was a serious threat posed by the spread of militias and weapons, and called for more U.S. involvement to counter that threat.
Rubio voted against the Budget Control Act of 2011, which included mandatory automatic budget cuts from sequestration. He later said that defense spending should never have been linked to taxes and the deficit, calling the policy a “terrible idea” based on a “false choice”.
The following month, Rubio and Senator Chris Coons, Democrat of Delaware, co-sponsored the American Growth, Recovery, Empowerment and Entrepreneurship Act (AGREE Act), which would have extended many tax credits and exemptions for businesses investing in research and development, equipment, and other capital; provided a tax credit for veterans who start a business franchise; allowed an increase in immigration for certain types of work visas; and strengthened copyright protections.
Rubio voted against the 2012 “fiscal cliff” resolutions. Although he received some criticism for this position, he responded: “Thousands of small businesses, not just the wealthy, will now be forced to decide how they’ll pay this new tax, and, chances are, they’ll do it by firing employees, cutting back their hours and benefits, or postponing the new hires they were looking to make. And to make matters worse, it does nothing to bring our dangerous debt under control.”
In 2013, Rubio was part of the bipartisan “Gang of Eight” senators that crafted comprehensive immigration reform legislation. Rubio proposed a plan providing a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants currently living in the United States involving payment of fines and back taxes, background checks, and a probationary period; that pathway was to be implemented only after strengthening border security. The bill passed the Senate 68 to 32 with his support, but Rubio then signaled that the bill should not be taken up by the House because other priorities, like repealing Obamacare, were a higher priority for him; the House never did take up the bill. Rubio has since explained that he still supports reform, but a different approach instead of a single comprehensive bill.
Rubio was chosen to deliver the Republican response to President Obama’s 2013 State of the Union Address. It marked the first time the response was delivered in English and Spanish. Rubio’s attempt to draw a strong line against the looming defense sequestration was undercut by fellow Republican senator Rand Paul‘s additional response to Obama’s speech that called for the sequester to be carried out.
In April 2013, Rubio voted against an expansion of background checks for gun purchases, contending that such increased regulatory measures would do little to help capture criminals.
Rubio voted against publishing the Senate Intelligence Committee report on CIA torture. In 2016, Rubio said the U.S. should “find out everything they know” from captured terrorists and should not telegraph “the enemy what interrogation techniques we will or won’t use.”
Republicans took control of the U.S. Senate as a result of the elections in November 2014. As this new period of Republican control began, Rubio pushed for the elimination of the “risk corridors” used by the federal government to compensate insurers for their losses as part of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA). The risk corridors were intended to be funded by profitable insurers participating in the PPACA, but since insurer losses have significantly exceeded their profits in the program, the risk corridors have been depleted. His efforts contributed to the inclusion of a provision in the 2014 federal budget that prevented other funding sources from being tapped to replenish the risk corridors.
In March 2015, Rubio and Senator Mike Lee, Republican of Utah, proposed a tax plan that according to The Wall Street Journal, combined thinking from “old-fashioned, Reagan-era supply-siders” and a “breed of largely younger conservative reform thinkers” concerned with the tax burden on the middle class. The plan would lower the top corporate income tax rate from 38% to 25%, eliminate taxes on capital gains, dividends, and inherited estates, and create a new child tax credit worth up to $2,500 per child. The plan would set the top individual income tax rate at 35%. It also included a proposal to replace the means-tested welfare system, including food stamps and the Earned Income Tax Credit, with a new “consolidated system of benefits”.
According to analysis by Vocativ as reported by Fox News, Rubio missed 8.3% of total votes from January 2011 to February 2015. From October 27, 2014, to October 26, 2015, Rubio voted in 74% of Senate votes, according to an analysis by GovTrack.us, which tracks congressional voting records. In 2015, Rubio was absent for about 35% of Senate votes. In historical context Rubio’s attendance record for Senate votes is not exceptional among senators seeking a presidential nomination; John McCain missed a much higher percentage of votes in 2007. But it was the worst of the three senators who campaigned for the presidency in 2015.
During his Senate tenure, Rubio has co-sponsored bills on issues ranging from humanitarian crises in Haiti to the Russian incursion into Ukraine, and was a frequent and prominent critic of Obama’s efforts in national security.
On May 17, 2016, Rubio broke from the Republican majority in his support of Obama’s request for $2 billion in emergency spending on the Zika virus at a time when Florida accounted for roughly 20% of the recorded cases of Zika in the U.S., acknowledging that it was the president’s request but adding, “it’s really the scientists’ request, the doctors’ request, the public health sector’s request for how to address this issue.” On August 6, Rubio said he did not believe in terminating Zika-infected pregnancies.
On December 13, after President-elect Trump nominated Rex Tillerson as his Secretary of State in the incoming administration, Rubio expressed concern about the selection. On January 11, Rubio questioned Tillerson during a Senate committee hearing on his confirmation, saying afterward he would “do what’s right”. On January 23, Rubio said that he would vote to confirm Tillerson, saying that a delay in the appointment would be counter to national interests.
On April 5, 2017, Rubio said Bashar al-Assad felt he could act with “impunity” in knowing the United States was not prioritizing removing him from office. The next day, Rubio praised Trump’s ordered strike: “By acting decisively against the very facility from which Assad launched his murderous chemical weapons attack, President Trump has made it clear to Assad and those who empower him that the days of committing war crimes with impunity are over.”
In September 2017, Rubio defended Trump’s decision to rescind the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program. He called the program, which provided temporary stay for some undocumented immigrants brought into the U.S. as minors, “unconstitutional”.
In the first session of the 115th United States Congress, Rubio was ranked the tenth most bipartisan senator by the Bipartisan Index, published by The Lugar Center and Georgetown’s McCourt School of Public Policy.
While ballots were being counted in a close Florida Senate race between Democratic incumbent Bill Nelson and Republican challenger Rick Scott, Rubio claimed without evidence that Democrats were conspiring with election officials to illicitly install Nelson. He claimed without evidence that “Democrat lawyers” were descending on Florida and that “they have been very clear they aren’t here to make sure every vote is counted.” He claimed that Broward County officials were engaged in “ongoing” legal violations, without specifying what those were. Election monitors found no evidence of voter fraud in Broward County, and the Florida State Department found no evidence of criminal activity.
In 2019, Rubio defended Trump’s decision to host the G7 conference at the Trump National Doral Miami, a resort Trump owns. Rubio called the decision “great” and said it would be good for local businesses.
In 2020, Rubio supported the nomination of Judy Shelton to the Federal Reserve Board of Governors. Shelton had received bipartisan criticism over her support for the gold standard and other unorthodox monetary policy views.
After Biden defeated Trump in the 2020 presidential election and Trump made false claims of election fraud, Rubio defended Trump’s right to assert said claims and challenge the election results, saying any “irregularities” and “claims of broken election laws” could not be claimed false until the courts ruled on them. Rubio later shifted his rhetoric to saying that concerns from Republican voters over “potential irregularities” in the election demanded redress. By November 23, 2020, Rubio referred to Biden as president-elect.
Rubio described the 2021 storming of the United States Capitol by a pro-Trump mob as unpatriotic and “3rd world-style anti-American anarchy“. Of the rioters, Rubio said some of them were adherents “to a conspiracy theory and others got caught up in the moment. The result was a national embarrassment.” After Congress was allowed to return to session, Rubio voted to certify the 2021 United States Electoral College vote count. In February 2021, Rubio voted to acquit Trump for his role in inciting the mob to storm the Capitol.
Rubio’s committee memberships are as follows:
- Committee on Appropriations
- Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
- Select Committee on Intelligence (Ranking Member)
- Committee on Foreign Relations
- Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere, Transnational Crime, Civilian Security, Democracy, Human Rights, and Global Women’s Issues (Ranking Member)
- Subcommittee on East Asia, the Pacific, and International Cybersecurity Policy
- Subcommittee on State Department and USAID Management, International Operations, and Bilateral International Development
- Special Committee on Aging
2016 presidential campaign
Rubio said in April 2014 that he would not run for both the Senate and president in 2016, as Florida law prohibits a candidate from appearing twice on a ballot, but at that time he did not rule out running for either office. He later indicated that even if he would not win the Republican nomination for president, he would not run for reelection to the Senate. Also in April 2014, the departure of Cesar Conda, Rubio’s chief of staff since 2011, was seen as a sign of Rubio’s plans to run for president in 2016. Conda departed to lead Rubio’s Reclaim America PAC as a senior adviser. Groups supporting Rubio raised over $530,000 in the first three months of 2014, most of which was spent on consultants and data analytics, in what was seen as preparations for a presidential campaign.
A poll from the WMUR/University, tracking New Hampshire Republican primary voters’ sentiment, showed Rubio at the top alongside Kentucky senator Rand Paul later in 2013, but as of April 18, 2014, he had dropped to 10th place behind other Republican contenders. The poll, however, also suggested that Rubio was not disliked by the primary voters, which was thought to be positive for him if other candidates had chosen not to run. Rubio placed second among potential 2016 Republican presidential candidates in an online poll of likely voters conducted by Zogby Analytics in January 2015.
In January 2015, it was reported that Rubio had begun contacting top donors and appointing advisors for a potential 2016 run, including George Seay, who previously worked on such campaigns as Rick Perry‘s in 2012 and Mitt Romney’s in 2008, and Jim Rubright, who had previously worked for Jeb Bush, Mitt Romney, and John McCain. Rubio also instructed his aides to “prepare for a presidential campaign” prior to a Team Marco 2016 fundraising meeting in South Beach.
On April 13, 2015, Rubio launched his campaign for president in 2016. Rubio was believed to be a viable candidate for the 2016 presidential race who could attract many parts of the GOP base, partly because of his youthfulness and oratorical skill. Rubio had pitched his candidacy as an effort to restore the American Dream for middle and working-class families, who might have found his background as a working-class Cuban-American appealing.
In the first Republican primary, the February 1 Iowa caucuses, Rubio finished third, behind candidates Ted Cruz and Donald Trump. During a nationally televised debate among Republican candidates in New Hampshire on February 6, 2016, Rubio was criticized by rival Chris Christie for speaking repetitiously and sounding scripted. On February 9, when he placed fifth in the New Hampshire primary results, Rubio took the blame and acknowledged a poor debate performance. In the third Republican contest, the South Carolina primary on February 20, Rubio finished second, but did not gain any delegates as Trump won all of South Carolina’s congressional districts and thus delegates. Jeb Bush left the race that day, leading to a surge in campaign donations and endorsements to Rubio. On February 23, Rubio finished second in the Nevada caucuses, again losing to Trump. Trump called Rubio’s remarks at the February 25 debate “robotic” due to Rubio’s repeated use of the same talking points; Rubio was later followed by hecklers who were dressed as robots.
At another Republican debate on February 25, Rubio repeatedly criticized frontrunner candidate Donald Trump. It was described by CNN as a “turning point in style” as Rubio had previously largely ignored Trump during his campaign, and this deviated from Rubio’s signature “optimistic campaign message”. The next day Rubio continued turning Trump’s attacks against him, even ridiculing Trump’s physical appearance. On March 1, called ‘Super Tuesday‘ with eleven Republican contests on that day, Rubio’s sole victory was in Minnesota, the first state he had won since voting began a month prior. Rubio went on to win further contests in Puerto Rico on March 6 and the District of Columbia on March 12, but lost eight other contests from March 5 to 8. Around that time, Rubio revealed he was not “entirely proud” of his personal attacks on Trump.
On March 15, Rubio suspended his campaign after placing second in his own home state of Florida. Hours earlier, Rubio had expressed expectations for a Florida win, and said he would continue to campaign (in Utah) “irrespective of” that night’s results. The result was that Rubio won 27.0% of the Florida vote, while Trump won 45.7% and all of Florida’s delegates. The conclusion of the six March 15 contests (out of which Rubio won none) left Rubio with 169 delegates on the race to reach 1237, but Ted Cruz already had 411 and Trump 673. On March 17, Rubio ruled out runs for the vice-presidency, governorship of Florida and even re-election for his senate seat. He stated only that he would be a “private citizen” by January 2017, leading to some media speculation of the termination of his political career.
On April 12, during an interview with Mark Levin, Rubio expressed his wishes that Republicans would nominate a conservative candidate, name-dropping Cruz. This was interpreted as an endorsement of Cruz, though Rubio clarified the following day that he had only been answering a question. Rubio would later explain his decision to not endorse Cruz being due to his belief that the endorsement would not significantly benefit him and a desire to let the election cycle play out. On April 22, Rubio said he was not interested in being the vice presidential candidate to any of the remaining GOP contenders. On May 16, Rubio posted several tweets in which he critiqued sources reporting that he despised the Senate and a Washington Post story that claimed he was unsure of his next move after his unsuccessful presidential bid, typing, “I have only said like 10000 times I will be a private citizen in January.”
On May 18, after Trump expressed a willingness to meet with Kim Jong-un, Rubio said Kim was “not a stable person” and furthered that Trump was open to the meeting only due to inexperience with the North Korea leader. On May 26, Rubio told reporters that he was backing Trump due to his view that the presumptive nominee was a better choice than Hillary Clinton for the presidency and that as president, Trump would sign a repeal of the Affordable Care Act and replace the late Antonin Scalia with another conservative Supreme Court Justice. He also confirmed that he would be attending the 2016 Republican National Convention in Cleveland, Ohio, where he intended to release his pledged delegates to support Trump. On May 29, Rubio continued disavowing vice presidential speculation but indicated an interest in playing a role in Trump’s campaign. On June 6, Rubio rebuked Trump’s comments on Gonzalo P. Curiel, who Trump accused of being biased against him on the basis of his ethnicity, as “offensive” while speaking with reporters, advising that Trump should cease defending the remarks and defending the judge as “an American”.
On July 6, Olivia Perez-Cubas, Rubio’s Senate campaign spokeswoman, said he would not be attending the Republican National Convention due to planned campaigning on the days the convention was scheduled to take place.
During the Republican primary campaign in which Rubio and Donald Trump were opponents, Rubio criticized Trump, including, in February 2016, calling Trump a “con artist” and saying that Trump is “wholly unprepared to be president of the United States”. In June 2016, after Trump became the presumptive GOP nominee, Rubio reaffirmed his February 2016 comments that we must not hand “the nuclear codes of the United States to an erratic individual”. However, after Trump won the Republican Party’s nomination, Rubio endorsed him on July 20, 2016. Following the October 7, 2016, Donald Trump Access Hollywood controversy, Rubio wrote that “Donald’s comments were vulgar, egregious & impossible to justify. No one should ever talk about any woman in those terms, even in private.” On October 11, 2016, Rubio reaffirmed his support of Trump. On October 25, 2016, it was reported that Rubio was booed off a stage for endorsing Trump by a crowd of mostly Latino voters, at the annual Calle Orange street festival in downtown Orlando.
As of early 2015, Rubio had a rating of 98.67 by the American Conservative Union, based on his lifetime voting record in the Senate. According to the National Journal, in 2013 Rubio was the 17th most conservative senator. The Club for Growth gave Rubio ratings of 93 percent and 91 percent based on his voting record in 2014 and 2013 respectively, and he has a lifetime rating from the organization above 90 percent.
Rubio initially won his U.S. Senate seat with strong Tea Party backing, but his 2013 support for comprehensive immigration reform legislation led to a decline in their support for him. Rubio’s stance on military, foreign policy, and national security issues – such as his support for arming the Syrian rebels and for the NSA – alienated some libertarian Tea Party activists.
Rubio supports balancing the federal budget, while prioritizing defense spending. He rejects the overwhelming scientific consensus on climate change, which is that climate change is real, progressing, harmful, and primarily caused by humans, arguing that human activity does not play a major role and claiming that proposals to address climate change would be ineffective and economically harmful. He opposes the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) and has voted to repeal it. He opposes net neutrality, a policy that requires Internet service providers to treat data on the Internet the same regardless of its source or content. Early in his Senate tenure, Rubio was involved in bipartisan negotiations to provide a pathway to citizenship for 11 million undocumented immigrants while implementing various measures to strengthen the U.S. border; the bill passed the Senate but was blocked by immigration hardliners in the House. Over time, Rubio distanced himself from his previous efforts to reach a compromise on immigration, and developed more hardline views on immigration, rejecting bipartisan immigration reform efforts in 2018.
Rubio has expressed caution about efforts to reduce penalties for drug crimes, saying that “too often” the conversation about criminal justice reform “starts and ends with drug policy”. He has said that he would be open to legalizing non-psychoactive forms of cannabis for medical use, but otherwise opposes its legalization for recreational and medical purposes. Rubio has said that if elected president he would enforce federal law in states that have legalized cannabis.
Rubio supports setting corporate taxes at 25%, reforming the tax code, and capping economic regulations, and proposes to increase the social security retirement age based on longer life expectancy. He supports expanding public charter schools, opposes Common Core State Standards, and advocates closing the federal Department of Education.
Rubio supported the 2003 invasion of Iraq and military intervention in Libya. Rubio voiced support for a Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen against Houthi rebels. Regarding Iran, he supports tough sanctions, and scrapping the recent nuclear deal; on the Islamic State, he favors aiding local Sunni forces in Iraq and Syria. Rubio says that the United States cannot accept more Syrian refugees because background checks cannot be done under present circumstances. He supports working with allies to set up no-fly zones in Syria to protect civilians from Bashar al-Assad. He favors collection of bulk metadata for purposes of national security. He has said that gun control laws consistently fail to achieve their purpose. He is supportive of the Trans Pacific Partnership, saying that the U.S. risks being excluded from global trade unless it is more open to trade. He is wary of China regarding national security and human rights, and wants to boost the U.S. military presence in that region but hopes for greater economic growth as a result of trading with that country. He also believes the U.S. should support democracy, freedom, and true autonomy of the people of Hong Kong. On capital punishment, Rubio favors streamlining the appeals process.
Rubio condemned the genocide of the Rohingya Muslim minority in Myanmar and called for a stronger response to the crisis. Rubio is a staunch supporter of Israel. He is a co-sponsor of a Senate resolution expressing objection to the UN Security Council Resolution 2334, which condemned Israeli settlement building in the occupied Palestinian territories as a violation of international law. Rubio condemned Turkey‘s wide-ranging crackdown on dissent following a failed July 2016 coup.
At a February 2018 CNN town hall event in the wake of the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting, Rubio defended his record of accepting contributions from the National Rifle Association (NRA), saying, “The influence of these groups comes not from money. The influence comes from the millions of people that agree with the agenda, the millions of Americans that support the NRA.”
In March 2018, Rubio defended the decision of the Trump administration to add a citizenship question to the 2020 census. Experts noted that the inclusion of such a question would likely result in severe undercounting of the population and faulty data, as undocumented immigrants would be less likely to respond to the census. Fellow Republican members of Congress from Florida, Ileana Ros-Lehtinen and Mario Diaz-Balart, criticized the Trump administration’s decision on the basis that it could lead to a faulty census and disadvantage Florida in terms of congressional apportionment and fund apportionment.
In July 2018, Rubio offered an amendment to a major congressional spending bill to potentially force companies that purchase real estate in cash to disclose their owners as “an attempt to root out criminals who use illicit funds and anonymous shell companies to buy homes”.
On August 28, 2018, Rubio and 16 other members of Congress urged the United States to impose sanctions under the Global Magnitsky Act against Chinese officials who are responsible for human rights abuses against the Uyghur Muslim minority in Xinjiang.
In March 2016, Rubio opposed President Obama’s nomination of Merrick Garland to the Supreme Court, saying, “I don’t think we should be moving forward with a nominee in the last year of this president’s term. I would say that even if it was a Republican president.” In September 2020, Rubio applauded Trump’s nomination of Amy Coney Barrett to the court after Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg‘s death, voting to confirm her on October 26, 86 days before the expiration of Trump’s presidential term. No Democrat voted for her, nor did Maine’s independent Angus King, Republican Susan Collins, or Vermont independent Bernie Sanders.
Rubio has a mixed relationship with Donald Trump. During the Republican primaries in the 2016 presidential election, they harshly criticized each other. But during Trump’s presidency, Rubio “[supported] just about everything Trump said and did”, according to the Sun-Sentinel.
In May 2021, Rubio argued that “Wall Street must stop enabling Communist China” in The American Prospect and on his website. “Americans from across the political spectrum should feel emboldened by the growing bipartisan awakening to the threat that the CCP poses to American workers, families, and communities”, he wrote. “As we deploy legislative solutions to tackle this challenge, Democrats must not allow our corporate and financial sectors’ leftward shift on social issues to blind them to the enormity of China as a geo-economic threat.”
Rubio is a Roman Catholic and attends Catholic Mass at Church of the Little Flower in Coral Gables, Florida. He also previously attended Christ Fellowship, a Southern Baptist Church in West Kendall, Florida.
In 1998, Rubio married Jeanette Dousdebes, a former bank teller and Miami Dolphins cheerleader, in a Catholic ceremony at the Church of the Little Flower. They have four children. Rubio and his family live in West Miami, Florida.
As of 2018, according to OpenSecrets.org, Rubio’s net worth was negative, owing more than $1.8 million.
|Republican||Marco Antonio Rubio||2,645,743||48.89%||-0.54%|
|Independent||Charles Joseph Crist Jr.||1,607,549||29.71%||+29.71%|
|Democratic||Kendrick Brett Meek||1,092,936||20.20%||-28.12%|
|Independent||Lewis Jerome Armstrong||4,443||0.08%||N/A|
|Republican||Marco Rubio (Incumbent)||1,029,830||71.99%|
|Republican||Marco Rubio (incumbent)||4,835,191||51.98%||+3.09%|
|Independent||Basil E. Dalack||22,236||0.24%||N/A|
- 100 Innovative Ideas for Florida’s Future. Regnery Publishing. 2006. ISBN 978-1596985117.
- An American Son: A Memoir. Sentinel HC. 2012. ISBN 978-1595230942.
- American Dreams: Restoring Economic Opportunity for Everyone. Sentinel HC. 2015. ISBN 978-1595231130.
Rubio has been awarded the following foreign honor:
- Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act
- Republican Party presidential candidates, 2016
- Florida Republican primary, 2016
- List of Hispanic and Latino Americans in the United States Congress
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- Oppenheimer, Mark (November 26, 2010). “Marco Rubio: Catholic or Protestant?”. The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 16, 2017. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
- “Southern Baptist Convention”. sbc.net. Archived from the original on April 4, 2014. Retrieved June 11, 2013.
- Gibson, David (November 15, 2010). “Is Marco Rubio Catholic or Baptist? Or Is the Reformation Over?”. Politics Daily. Archived from the original on May 14, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2013./
- Rettig, Jessica (May 4, 2010). “10 Things You Didn’t Know About Marco Rubio”. U.S. News and World Report. Archived from the original on September 25, 2012. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- Silva, Christina (July 31, 2010). “The women behind the men who would be Florida’s senator”. Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on April 24, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- “Marco Rubio – Net Worth – Personal Finances”. OpenSecrets.org. Retrieved October 15, 2021.
- “Florida Primary Results – Election 2010”. New York Times. August 24, 2010. Archived from the original on October 2, 2019. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
- “Florida Department of State – Election Results”. Archived from the original on May 21, 2012. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
- “Archived copy”. Archived from the original on December 5, 2016. Retrieved December 6, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- “Florida Department of State, Division of Elections, August 30, 2016 Primary Election, Official Results”. Florida Secretary of State. Archived from the original on December 25, 2016. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
- “Florida Election Watch – Home Page”. floridaelectionwatch.gov. Archived from the original on October 23, 2020. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
- “Klaus Iohannis a decorat opt congresmani americani cu Ordinul Steaua României în grad de Comandor”. adevarul.ro (in Romanian). June 9, 2017. Archived from the original on March 7, 2018. Retrieved April 29, 2018.
- Peia, Florentina; Iacob, Simona (June 9, 2017). Purcarea, Vicentiu; Pandea, Razvan-Adrian (eds.). “President Iohannis and U.S. congressmen discuss Romania’s inclusion in Visa Waiver programme”. Agepres. Archived from the original on February 10, 2018. Retrieved April 29, 2018.
- Florida House of Representatives – Marco Rubio
- Senator Marco Rubio official U.S. Senate website
- Marco Rubio for U.S. Senate official campaign website
- Public statement on the Impeachment trial of Donald Trump
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN
2016 US Senator
|Marco Rubio (R)||4,835,191||52%|
|Patrick Murphy (D)||4,122,088||44.3%|
|Paul Stanton (L)||196,956||2.1%|
|Bruce Nathan ()||52,451||0.6%|
|Tony Khoury ()||45,820||0.5%|
|Steven Machat ()||26,918||0.3%|
|Basil Dalack ()||22,236||0.2%|
Source: Follow the Money
Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
Senate Committee on Foreign Relations
Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe
Senate Committee on Appropriations
Senate Select Committee on Intelligence
Senate Special Committee on Aging
Western Hemisphere, Transnational Crime, Civilian Security, Democracy, Human Rights, and Global Women’s Issues
East Asia, the Pacific, and International Cybersecurity Policy
State Department and USAID Management, International Operations, and Bilateral International Development
Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
Department of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies
Military Construction and Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs
See: Vote Smart
- Committee on Appropriations
- Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
- Select Committee on Intelligence (Ranking Member)
- Committee on Foreign Relations
- Subcommittee on East Asia, the Pacific, and International Cybersecurity Policy
- Special Committee on Aging
- Sanctions against Russia for interfering in 2016 election. (Jul 2018)
- Next president should appoint in mold of Justice Scalia. (Mar 2016)
- The Constitution is not a living and breathing document. (Feb 2016)
- No to a simple majority to confirm a Supreme Court justice. (Feb 2016)
- I will reverse US decline, both at home and abroad. (Feb 2016)
- I will repeal all of Obama’s executive orders. (Jan 2016)
- Mainstream media is a SuperPAC for Democrats. (Oct 2015)
- Regulatory agencies shouldn’t write criminal law. (Apr 2015)
- Conservatives must show they have real solutions to poverty. (Jan 2015)
- Government has a role, but it is not giving poor money. (Jan 2015)
- More government breeds complicated rules & holds us back. (Feb 2013)
- Choose more freedom instead of more government. (Aug 2012)
- Accused of using campaign funds for personal expenses. (Jun 2012)
- Used earmarks early in legislative career, then stopped cold. (Jun 2012)
- 2003: Anonymous contributors; 2004: backed down & disclosed. (Jun 2012)
- $400,000 for Members-only House lunchroom kept out lobbyists. (Jun 2012)
- Constitutional term limit amendment for Members of Congress. (Feb 2012)
- America is greatest country; but not our government. (Jan 2012)
- Reduce paid petition business in citizen initiative process. (Nov 2006)
- Texas Sunset Review abolished 47 agencies; do same in FL. (Nov 2006)
- Early FL primary forces diversity into presidential process. (Nov 2006)
- Closer regulation of petition verification process. (Nov 2006)
- Allow transferring surplus campaign funds to other campaigns. (May 2006)
- Identify constitutionality in every new congressional bill. (Jul 2010)
- Audit federal agencies, to reform or eliminate them. (Jul 2010)
- Moratorium on all earmarks until budget is balanced. (Jul 2010)
- Ban stock trading based on Congressional insider knowledge. (Nov 2011)
- Prohibit IRS audits targeting Tea Party political groups. (Feb 2014)
- Men’s bathrooms are for men & women’s bathrooms for women. (Oct 2016)
- One-man-one-woman marriage existed before our laws. (Apr 2015)
- I oppose gay marriage, but it’s the law of the land. (Apr 2015)
- Opposes Paycheck Fairness: don’t require equal pay for women. (Apr 2014)
- Balance gay anti-discrimination with religious rights. (Mar 2014)
- Defining marriage does not demean a class of people. (Jun 2013)
- I believe in historical marriage, but ok if states redefine. (Jun 2013)
- Leave gay marriage to states, but keep DOMA. (Mar 2013)
- Voted NO on reauthorizing the Violence Against Women Act. (Feb 2013)
- Supports Amendment to prevent same sex marriage. (Aug 2010)
- Opposes Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA). (Sep 2010)
- Respect faith-based opposition to same-sex marriage. (Mar 2018)
- Reduce debt to save key programs like Social Security. (Feb 2016)
- Raising the minimum wage is an economic disaster. (Nov 2015)
- We borrow from countries that dislike us. (Oct 2015)
- Repeal and replace Dodd-Frank: it eviscerates banks. (Aug 2015)
- Freeze spending for everything but defense at 2008 levels. (Apr 2015)
- Tax, borrow, & spend is not the way out of the recession. (Feb 2013)
- Real problem is $1T deficit each year since 2009. (Feb 2013)
- Oppose Obama stimulus package; it’s bad for America. (Mar 2010)
- Support balanced budget amendment and line-item veto. (Feb 2010)
- Demand a Balanced Budget amendment. (Jul 2010)
- Limit federal spending growth to per-capita inflation rate. (Jul 2010)
- Supports the Cut-Cap-and-Balance Pledge. (Jan 2012)
- Disapprove of increasing the debt limit. (Jan 2012)
- Audit the Federal Reserve & its actions on mortgage loans. (Feb 2013)
- My tax reform gives more to lower earners, percentage-wise. (Oct 2015)
- Our outdated tax code encourages outsourcing jobs. (Jan 2015)
- 2007: Replace all property taxes by adding 2.5% to sales tax. (Feb 2014)
- Replace property taxes with a consumption tax. (Jun 2012)
- OpEd: Proposed consumption tax called “largest tax increase”. (Jun 2012)
- Eliminate Florida property tax; or cap it at 1.35%. (Jun 2012)
- We need new taxpayers, not new taxes. (Apr 2012)
- No one should pay higher taxes in recession, not even top 2%. (Oct 2010)
- Extend Bush tax cuts, even for high earners. (Oct 2010)
- Address market uncertainty by making Bush cuts permanent. (Aug 2010)
- 2000: $4 surcharge to cruise tickets to fund Marlins stadium. (Jul 2010)
- Proposed to replace property taxes with state sales tax. (Mar 2010)
- Pledged to never raise taxes as state rep. (Mar 2010)
- Capital gains tax is double taxation. (Feb 2010)
- Simplify our tax code; reduce the tax burden. (Feb 2010)
- Supermajority vote for any tax increases. (Nov 2006)
- Supports flat-rate federal tax; opposes increased tax rates. (Aug 2010)
- Adopt a single-rate tax system. (Jul 2010)
- Repeal tax hikes in capital gains and death tax. (Jul 2010)
- Supports the Taxpayer Protection Pledge. (Jan 2012)
- Bad idea to arm teachers against school shootings. (Feb 2018)
- Why did we stop doing vocational education in America? (Oct 2015)
- Common Core will convert from suggestions to mandate. (Aug 2015)
- No national school board; end Department of Education. (Apr 2015)
- Empower parents to overcome disastrous public system. (Apr 2015)
- Theistic evolution: science and faith are not incompatible. (Apr 2015)
- Too many 4-year college grads; focus on vocational careers. (Apr 2015)
- Private lenders get percentage of student’s income. (Feb 2015)
- Professor of political science at Florida International U. (Feb 2015)
- Outdated educational systems must be updated to meet needs. (Jan 2015)
- The poor benefit most from parental choice in education. (Jan 2015)
- Turn over Head Start to states. (Jan 2014)
- Give parents chance to send kids to school of their choice. (Feb 2013)
- Give info to students on costs & benefits of student loans. (Feb 2013)
- Became serious college student after football injury. (Jun 2012)
- 1999: Pushed for early education for at-risk children. (Jun 2012)
- Silent on voluntary school prayer. (Jun 2012)
- Presided over $2.3B cut to Florida public education. (Jun 2012)
- Supports No Child Left Behind Opportunity Scholarships. (Nov 2010)
- Voted for more scholarships for private schools. (Apr 2007)
- Incentivize foreign language curriculum in elementary school. (Nov 2006)
- Prepare students for the Global Marketplace. (Nov 2006)
- More options for student and parent choice in education. (Nov 2006)
- Integrate competition principles into education marketplace. (Nov 2006)
- A+ Plan for Education: charters and choice. (Nov 2006)
- 2+2 System: AA degree guarantees admission to university. (Nov 2006)
- $4,500 voucher saves state $10,000 in per-student cost. (Nov 2006)
- Private partnerships for provision of school services. (Nov 2006)
- Supports less federal & more local control of education. (Sep 2010)
- Property rights are a basic right; eminent domain attacks it. (Oct 2015)
- Kelo case was egregiously flawed; limit eminent domain. (Oct 2015)
- Co-sponsored bill to prevent “soring” of show horses. (Sep 2015)
- Fix environment with free market, not government mandates. (Feb 2014)
- State-run insurance carriers mean more taxpayer subsidies. (Jun 2012)
- Partner with private companies for transportation system. (Nov 2006)
- Hurricane Savings Accounts for homeowners’ insurance. (Nov 2006)
- Utilize toll revenues to widen & improve expressways. (Nov 2006)
- Increase funding for making homes hurricane-resistant. (Nov 2006)
- Voted NO on protecting ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes ecosystems. (May 2013)
- Rated 20% by HSLF, indicating an anti-animal welfare voting record. (Jan 2012)
- No EPA permits required for forest road runoff. (Jul 2013)
- Let people decide how to spend health care dollars. (Feb 2016)
- All kids should get vaccinated, with medical exceptions. (Feb 2015)
- ObamaCare stifles entrepreneurship with regulation. (Jan 2015)
- World Health Organization can’t combat Ebola; only US can. (Oct 2014)
- Ban visas from Ebola-stricken countries; target the source. (Oct 2014)
- Medicaid expansion fails because funded only for a few years. (Jan 2014)
- FactCheck: ObamaCare is not now forcing loss of insurance. (Feb 2013)
- Expand mental health centers; address violence at its source. (Feb 2013)
- Address mental illness with care, attention and compassion. (Feb 2013)
- Backed out of Race for the Cure over abortion funding fight. (Sep 2012)
- Medicare’s hospice care let my father die with dignity. (Jun 2012)
- Expand prescription benefits to low-income seniors. (Jun 2012)
- Provide alternatives to employer-based insurance system. (Mar 2010)
- Launch a marketplace of affordable health insurance. (Nov 2006)
- Capitated managed-care systems achieve better value. (Nov 2006)
- Voted YES on the Ryan Budget: Medicare choice, tax & spending cuts. (May 2011)
- Opposes government-run healthcare. (Aug 2010)
- Defund, repeal, & replace federal care with free market. (Jul 2010)
- Repeal any federal health care takeover. (Jul 2010)
- Child separation policy at border is simply un-American. (Oct 2018)
- Children are trafficked into US illegally by criminal groups. (May 2018)
- My parents immigrated on family connections; but stop that. (Mar 2016)
- 45% of the problem is visa over-stays. (Feb 2016)
- Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals is unconstitutional. (Feb 2016)
- If we don’t know who you are, you don’t get into America. (Jan 2016)
- Bar any company abusing H1 visas from future visas. (Oct 2015)
- Change from family-based system to skills-based. (Oct 2015)
- Replace family-based system with economic contribution. (Sep 2015)
- Legal immigrants have been waiting in line for 15 years. (Aug 2015)
- Human trafficking law & deferred action caused border crisis. (Aug 2014)
- Give kids of illegal immigrants in-state tuition rates. (Jan 2014)
- Border control: 90% apprehension and 100% surveillance. (Apr 2013)
- Immigration is a human issue AND a law & order issue. (Mar 2013)
- English is de facto official language; let’s recognize that. (Jun 2012)
- AZ anti-immigrant law demands papers like “police state”. (Jun 2012)
- OpEd: Claimed falsely that parents fled Castro in 1959. (Jun 2012)
- Legal status, but not citizenship, to migrant’s children. (Jun 2012)
- AZ law may unreasonably single out some citizens. (Apr 2010)
- Don’t count illegal immigrants in the 2010 census. (Apr 2010)
- Allow children of illegals to pay in-state college tuition. (Mar 2010)
- No amnesty in any form, not even back-of-the-line. (Mar 2010)
- Oppose amnesty in any reform. (Feb 2010)
- Amnesty means no consequences; I was never for that. (Feb 2016)
- In 2013, refugees were fleeing oppression; not like Syrians. (Dec 2015)
- 2013 lessons: do necessities first; then get to citizenship. (Dec 2015)
- My family are all immigrants; but no comprehensive solution. (Sep 2015)
- No green card for 10 years for current illegal immigrants. (Jul 2015)
- Comprehensive immigration reform is politically infeasible. (May 2015)
- Joined “Gang of Eight” to push comprehensive reform. (Apr 2015)
- Deal with border & future immigrants BEFORE any amnesty. (Feb 2015)
- 2010: Earned path to citizenship is code for amnesty. (Feb 2015)
- Modernize immigration to win global competition for talent. (Sep 2014)
- FactCheck: No MarcoPhones, and no executive DREAMers either. (Apr 2014)
- Not amnesty: 15-year wait, plus fee, minus federal benefits. (Apr 2013)
- Green cards after 10 years; secure border; & e-Verify. (Apr 2013)
- Compare reform to existing situation of 11 million illegals. (Apr 2013)
- Leave immigration to feds; 50 sets of laws is worse. (Jun 2012)
- GOP DREAM Act: visas for going to college or military. (Apr 2012)
- Opposes granting amnesty to illegal immigrants. (Sep 2010)
- Supports full implementation of current border security laws. (Sep 2010)
- Plenty of crescent moons in Arlington National Cemetery. (Mar 2016)
- US security is more important than Apple. (Feb 2016)
- George W. Bush kept us safe and dealt with Hussein. (Feb 2016)
- FactCheck: Yes, Air Force is now smallest in its history. (Jan 2016)
- Send more terrorists to Gitmo; find out everything they know. (Jan 2016)
- Haul terrorists to Guantanamo for enhanced interrogation. (Jan 2016)
- Hillary not qualified and Obama apologizes too much. (Jan 2016)
- Modernize all three legs of the nuclear triad. (Dec 2015)
- World is safer when America is the strongest military power. (Nov 2015)
- Radical terrorism cannot be solved by intellect. (Sep 2015)
- Don’t use military for pinpricks; only engage to win. (Sep 2015)
- We’re eviscerating our military in dangerous times. (Sep 2015)
- Empower V.A. to care more about vets than bureaucrats. (Aug 2015)
- Defense spending is most important federal obligation. (Mar 2015)
- Modernize military to be used 10 years in the future. (Mar 2015)
- We need coherent interrogation policy, & keep it classified. (Dec 2014)
- We need NSA intel to fight emerging terrorist threats. (Nov 2014)
- Increased military investment demonstrates leadership. (Sep 2014)
- ISIL’s goal is to drive us out of the region. (Sep 2014)
- ISIL is a threat because many members have US passports. (Sep 2014)
- ISIS is a more serious threat than al Qaeda. (Jun 2014)
- No one has been held accountable for Benghazi. (May 2014)
- World is a better place when America is the strongest nation. (Feb 2013)
- 9/11 about people who hate what America stands for. (Sep 2012)
- Safer place when America is strongest country in the world. (Aug 2010)
- No greater risk than radical Islamic terrorists. (Aug 2010)
- Islamic terrorists want to impose their view of the world. (Feb 2010)
- No evidence to change policy of don’t ask, don’t tell. (Feb 2010)
- Voted YES on extending the PATRIOT Act’s roving wiretaps. (Feb 2011)
- Supports banning homosexuals in the military. (Aug 2010)
- Sponsored opposing the United Nations Arms Trade Treaty. (Mar 2013)
- Child tax credit refundable against payroll tax. (Nov 2015)
- No benefits changes for my mom and others of her generation. (Oct 2015)
- Benefits have to be less generous to save Social Security. (Jun 2012)
- Raise retirement age for those now under 55. (Apr 2010)
- Tough choices include raising retirement age & reducing COLA. (Mar 2010)
- Hard choices for people under 40, to avoid runaway growth. (Mar 2010)
- Keep raising the retirement age on the table. (Mar 2010)
- Keep cost-of-living adjustment on the table. (Mar 2010)
- Rated 7% by ARA, indicating a pro-privatization stance. (Jan 2013)
- Abortion is complex issue; we must reduce the number of them. (Aug 2015)
- Barbarians of our age have murdered millions of the unborn. (Aug 2015)
- Ban abortion after 20 weeks. (Apr 2015)
- Consensus that life begins at conception; so no abortion. (May 2014)
- I believe in protecting life but I’m not a chauvinist. (Mar 2013)
- Pro-life, but understands that woman’s right is the law. (Jun 2012)
- Expand birth control exemption for faith-based organizations. (Jun 2012)
- Opposed Sotomayor nomination based on her Roe support. (Jun 2012)
- No right to privacy, that resulted in the Roe v. Wade. (Feb 2010)
- Require ultrasounds before performing abortions. (Feb 2010)
- Voted against funding stem cell research. (Apr 2006)
- Opposes both federal abortion funding & judicial activism. (Aug 2010)
- Supports prohibiting human embryonic stem cell research. (Aug 2010)
- Supports giving legal protection to unborn children. (Sep 2010)
- Prohibit federal funding for abortion. (May 2011)
- Engage with Putin, but recognize he supports zero sum games. (Jul 2018)
- Stay with Japan & South Korea or they will be nuclear powers. (Feb 2016)
- Three main threats: Asia-Pacific, Middle East, and Russia. (Feb 2016)
- North Korea is run by a maniac with nuclear weapons. (Sep 2015)
- Putin trying to position Russia as a geopolitical force. (Sep 2015)
- Pre-conditions for Iran: end enrichment & ballistic missiles. (Jul 2015)
- I have a clear strategic vision of America’s role in world. (Feb 2015)
- North Korea is a criminal syndicate, not a government. (Dec 2014)
- Engagement with Vietnam & China has not led to freedom. (Dec 2014)
- Tough sanctions against Russia for Ukraine aggression. (May 2014)
- Only America can stand up to world totalitarianism. (Mar 2014)
- Putin wants to reconstitute Russian power & Russian prestige. (Mar 2014)
- The Russian government is a government of liars. (Mar 2014)
- The China Dream is to surpass America as world leader. (Mar 2013)
- America is exceptional: nation blessed by God with resources. (Jun 2012)
- Prefer coalitions but don’t over-rely on global institutions. (Apr 2012)
- America needs a foreign policy of engaging abroad. (Apr 2012)
- Intervention to promote democracy abroad. (Nov 2011)
- Promote democracy via engagement abroad. (Sep 2011)
- Foreign aid spreads positive influence around the world. (Sep 2011)
- End relations with anti-American communist tyranny in Cuba. (Jul 2015)
- We’ve neglected Latin American democracies & our alliances. (Apr 2015)
- Our policy should lead to more liberty for the Cuban people. (Dec 2014)
- Cuba must improve on human rights for engagement to continue. (Dec 2014)
- Cuba embargo was designed to protect American companies. (Dec 2014)
- Press freedom is a universal human right, especially in Cuba. (May 2014)
- Build relations with Mexico for trade & oil, not just border. (Nov 2012)
- Che Guevara reviled by Cuban exiles; I want no association. (Jun 2012)
- No honest broker on Israel: we are on their side. (Feb 2016)
- I voted against the president’s inadequate Syria strategy. (Feb 2016)
- Too risky to take in Syrian refugees. (Nov 2015)
- Void in the Middle East, so gangster Putin steps in. (Nov 2015)
- Do not leave it to Russia to get rid of ISIS. (Nov 2015)
- Opposes nuclear deal with Iran; but supported deal in 2012. (May 2015)
- Obama has no ISIS policy to avoid upsetting Iran. (Feb 2015)
- Provide more assistance to Jordan, to prepare against ISIS. (Jun 2014)
- Stay involved against ISIS or Iran becomes regional hegemon. (Jun 2014)
- Military action should be on the table in Iran & Syria. (Apr 2012)
- Rated -2 by AAI, indicating a anti-Arab anti-Palestine voting record. (May 2012)
- Vigorous support for State of Israel against Hamas in Gaza. (Nov 2012)
- Sponsored funding and supplying the Syrian rebels. (Mar 2013)
- Disallow Palestine from joining ICC to threaten Israel. (Jan 2015)
- Move US embassy in Israel to Jerusalem; recognize as cap. (Jan 2015)
- Sponsored bill supporting Israeli settlements on West Bank. (Jan 2017)