The Florida House of Representatives is the lower house of the Florida Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Florida, the Florida Senate being the upper house. Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution of Florida, adopted in 1968, defines the role of the Legislature and how it is to be constituted.[2] The House is composed of 120 members, each elected from a single-member district with a population of approximately 157,000 residents. Legislative districts are drawn on the basis of population figures, provided by the federal decennial census. Representatives’ terms begin immediately upon their election. As of 2020, Republicans hold the majority in the State House with 78 seats; Democrats are in the minority with 42 seats.

Titles

Members of the House of Representatives are referred to as representatives. Because this shadows the terminology used to describe members of U.S. House of Representatives, constituents and the news media, using The Associated Press Stylebook, often refer to members as state representatives to avoid confusion with their federal counterparts.

Terms

Article III of the Florida Constitution defines the terms for state legislators.

The Constitution requires state representatives to be elected for two-year terms.

Upon election, legislators take office immediately.

Term limits

On November 3, 1992, almost 77 percent of Florida voters backed Amendment 9, the Florida Term Limits Amendment, which amended the state Constitution, to enact eight-year term limits on federal and state officials. Under the Amendment, former members can be elected again after a break.[3] In 1995, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that states could not enact congressional term limits, but ruled that the state level term limits remain.[4]

Qualifications

Florida legislators must be at least twenty-one years old, an elector and resident of their district, and must have resided in Florida for at least two years prior to election.[5]

Legislative session

Each year during which the Legislature meets constitutes a new legislative session.

Committee weeks

Legislators start Committee activity in September of the year prior to the regular legislative session. Because Florida is a part-time legislature, this is necessary to allow legislators time to work their bills through the committee process, prior to the regular legislative session.[6]

Regular legislative session

The Florida Legislature meets in a 60-day regular legislative session each year. Regular legislative sessions in odd-numbered years must begin on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March. Under the state Constitution, the Legislature can begin even-numbered year regular legislative sessions at a time of its choosing.[7]

Prior to 1991, the regular legislative session began in April. Senate Joint Resolution 380 (1989) proposed to the voters a constitutional amendment (approved November 1990) that shifted the starting date of regular legislative session from April to February. Subsequently, Senate Joint Resolution 2606 (1994) proposed to the voters a constitutional amendment (approved November 1994) shifting the start date to March, where it remains. The reason for the “first Tuesday after the first Monday” requirement stems back to the time when regular legislative session began in April. regular legislative session could start any day from April 2 through April 8, but never on April 1 – April Fool’s Day. In recent years, the Legislature has opted to start in January in order to allow lawmakers to be home with their families during school spring breaks, and to give more time ahead of the legislative elections in the Fall.[8]

Organizational session

On the fourteenth day following each general election, the Legislature meets for an organizational session to organize and select officers.

Special session

Special legislative sessions may be called by the governor, by a joint proclamation of the Senate president and House speaker, or by a three-fifths vote of all legislators. During any special session the Legislature may only address legislative business that is within the purview of the purpose or purposes stated in the special session proclamation.[9]

Powers and process

The Florida House is authorized by the Florida Constitution to create and amend the laws of the U.S. state of Florida, subject to the governor’s power to veto legislation. To do so, legislators propose legislation in the forms of bills drafted by a nonpartisan, professional staff. Successful legislation must undergo committee review, three readings on the floor of each house, with appropriate voting majorities, as required, and either be signed into law by the governor or enacted through a veto override approved by two-thirds of the membership of each legislative house.[10]

Its statutes, called “chapter laws” or generically as “slip laws” when printed separately, are compiled into the Laws of Florida and are called “session laws“.[11] The Florida Statutes are the codified statutory laws of the state.[11]

In 2009, legislators filed 2,138 bills for consideration. On average, the Legislature has passed about 300 bills into law annually.[12]

In 2013, the Legislature filed about 2000 bills. About 1000 of these are “member bills.” The remainder are bills by committees responsible for certain functions, such as budget. In 2016, about 15% of the bills were passed.[13]
In 2017, 1,885 lobbyists registered to represent 3,724 entities.[13]

The House also has the power to propose amendments to the Florida Constitution. Additionally, the House has the exclusive power to impeach officials, who are then tried by the Senate.

Leadership

The House is headed by a speaker, elected by the members of the House to a two-year term. The speaker presides over the House, appoints committee members and committee chairs, influences the placement of bills on the calendar, and rules on procedural motions. The speaker pro tempore presides if the speaker leaves the chair or if there is a vacancy. The speaker, along with the Senate president and governor of Florida, control most of the agenda of state business in Florida.

The majority and minority caucus each elect a leader.

PositionNamePartyDistrict
Speaker of the HouseChris SprowlsRepublican65
Speaker pro temporeBryan AvilaRepublican111
Majority leaderMichael J. GrantRepublican75
Minority leadersBobby DuBose and Evan JenneDemocratic94, 99

Composition

AffiliationParty

(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
RepublicanDemocraticVacant
End of 2016–18 legislature75411164
Start of previous (2018–20) legislature73471200
End of previous legislature71451164
Start of current (2020–22) legislature78421200
Latest voting share65%35%

Members, 2020–2022

DistrictNamePartyResidenceCounties representedFirst Elected[14]
1Michelle SalzmanRepPensacolaPart of Escambia2020
2Alex AndradeRepPensacolaParts of Escambia and Santa Rosa2018
3Jayer WilliamsonRepPaceParts of Okaloosa and Santa Rosa2016
4Patt ManeyRepDestinPart of Okaloosa2020
5Brad DrakeRepDeFuniak SpringsHolmes, Jackson, Walton, Washington, part of Bay2014,
2008–12
6Jay TrumbullRepPanama CityPart of Bay2014
7Jason ShoafRepPort St. JoeCalhoun, Franklin, Gulf, Jefferson, Lafayette, Liberty, Madison, Taylor, Wakulla, part of Leon2019*
8Ramon AlexanderDemTallahasseeGadsden, part of Leon2016
9Allison TantDemTallahasseePart of Leon2020
10Chuck BrannanRepMacclennyBaker, Columbia, Hamilton, Suwannee, part of Alachua2018
11Cord ByrdRepNeptune BeachNassau, part of Duval2016
12Clay YarboroughRepJacksonvillePart of Duval2016
13Tracie DavisDemJacksonvillePart of Duval2016
14Angie NixonDemJacksonvillePart of Duval2020
Wyman DugganRepJacksonvillePart of Duval2018
Jason FischerRepJacksonvillePart of Duval2016
Cyndi StevensonRepSt. AugustinePart of St. Johns2015*
Sam GarrisonRepOrange ParkPart of Clay2020
Bobby PayneRepPalatkaBradford, Putnam, Union, part of Clay2016
Yvonne Hayes HinsonDemGainesvilleParts of Alachua and Marion2020
Chuck ClemonsRepNewberryDixie, Gilchrist, part of Alachua2016
Joe HardingRepWillistonLevy, part of Marion2020
Stan McClainRepBelleviewPart of Marion2016
Paul RennerRepPalm CoastFlagler, parts of St. Johns and Volusia2015*
Tom LeekRepOrmond BeachPart of Volusia2016
Elizabeth FetterhoffRepDeLandPart of Volusia2018
Webster BarnabyRepDeltonaPart of Volusia2020
David SmithRepWinter SpringsPart of Seminole2018
Scott PlakonRepLongwoodPart of Seminole2014,
2008–12
Joy Goff-MarcilDemMaitlandParts of Orange and Seminole2018
31Keith TruenowRepTavaresParts of Lake and Orange2020
Anthony SabatiniRepHowey-in-the-HillsPart of Lake2018
33Brett HageRepOxfordSumter, parts of Lake and Marion2018
34Ralph MassulloRepLecantoCitrus, part of Hernando2016
Blaise IngogliaRepSpring HillPart of Hernando2014
Amber MarianoRepHudsonPart of Pasco2016
Ardian ZikaRepLand o’ LakesPart of Pasco2018
Randy MaggardRepZephyrhillsPart of Pasco2019*
Josie TomkowRepPolk CityParts of Osceola and Polk2018*
Colleen BurtonRepLakelandPart of Polk2014
Sam KillebrewRepWinter HavenPart of Polk2016
Fred HawkinsRepSt. CloudParts of Osceola and Polk2020
Kristen ArringtonDemKissimmeePart of Osceola2020
Geraldine ThompsonDemOrlandoPart of Orange2018
Kamia BrownDemOrlandoPart of Orange2016
46Travaris McCurdyDemOrlandoPart of Orange2020
Anna EskamaniDemOrlandoPart of Orange2018
Daisy MoralesDemOrlandoPart of Orange2020
Carlos Guillermo SmithDemOrlandoPart of Orange2016
Rene PlasenciaRepOrlandoParts of Brevard and Orange2014
Tyler SiroisRepCocoaPart of Brevard2018
Thad AltmanRepRockledgePart of Brevard2016,
2003–08
53Randy FineRepMelbourne BeachPart of Brevard2016
Erin GrallRepVero BeachIndian River, part of St. Lucie2016
Kaylee TuckRepSebringGlades, Highlands, Okeechobee, part of St. Lucie2020
Melony BellRepFort MeadeDeSoto, Hardee, part of Polk2018
Mike BeltranRepLithiaPart of Hillsborough2018
Lawrence McClureRepDoverPart of Hillsborough2017*
Andrew LearnedDemBrandonPart of Hillsborough2020
Jackie ToledoRepTampaPart of Hillsborough2016
Dianne HartDemTampaPart of Hillsborough2018
Susan ValdesDemTampaPart of Hillsborough2018
Fentrice DriskellDemTampaPart of Hillsborough2018
Traci KosterRepTampaParts of Hillsborough and Pinellas2020
Chris SprowlsRepPalm HarborPart of Pinellas2014
Nick DiCeglieRepIndian Rocks BeachPart of Pinellas2018
Chris LatvalaRepClearwaterPart of Pinellas2014
Ben DiamondDemSt. PetersburgPart of Pinellas2016
Linda ChaneyRepSt. Pete BeachPart of Pinellas2020
Michele RaynerDemSt. PetersburgParts of Hillsborough, Manatee, Pinellas, Sarasota2020
71Will RobinsonRepBradentonParts of Manatee and Sarasota2018
72Fiona McFarlandRepSarasotaParts of Sarasota2020
73Tommy GregoryRepSarasotaParts of Manatee and Sarasota2018
James BuchananRepOspreyPart of Sarasota2018
Michael J. GrantRepPort CharlotteCharlotte2016,
2004–08
Adam BotanaRepBonita SpringsPart of Lee2020
Mike GiallombardoRepCape CoralPart of Lee2020
Jenna PersonsRepFort MyersPart of Lee2020
Spencer RoachRepNorth Fort MyersPart of Lee2018
Lauren MeloRepNaplesHendry, part of Collier2020
Kelly SkidmoreDemBoca RatonPart of Palm Beach2006–10, 2020
John SnyderRepPalm CityParts of Martin and Palm Beach2020
Toby OverdorfRepPalm CityParts of Martin and St. Lucie2018
Dana TrabulsyRepFort PiercePart of St. Lucie2020
Rick RothRepLoxahatcheePart of Palm Beach2016
Matt WillhiteDemWellingtonPart of Palm Beach2016
David SilversDemWest Palm BeachPart of Palm Beach2016
Omari HardyDemLake Worth BeachPart of Palm Beach2020
89Mike CarusoRepDelray BeachPart of Palm Beach2018
Joseph CaselloDemBoynton BeachPart of Palm Beach2018
Emily SlosbergDemBoca RatonPart of Palm Beach2016
Patricia Hawkins-WilliamsDemLauderdale LakesPart of Broward2016
Chip LaMarcaRepLighthouse PointPart of Broward2018
Bobby DuBoseDemFort LauderdalePart of Broward2014
Anika OmphroyDemLauderdale LakesPart of Broward2018
Christine HunschofskyDemParklandPart of Broward2020
Dan DaleyDemCoral SpringsPart of Broward2019*
Michael GottliebDemDaviePart of Broward2018
Evan JenneDemHollywoodPart of Broward2014
Joe GellerDemAventuraParts of Broward and Miami-Dade2014
Marie WoodsonDemHollywoodPart of Broward2020
Felicia RobinsonDemMiami GardensParts of Broward and Miami-Dade2020
Tom FabricioRepMiramarParts of Broward and Miami-Dade2020
Robin BartlemanDemWestonPart of Broward2020
105David BorreroRepSweetwaterParts of Broward, Collier, and Miami-Dade2020
Bob RommelRepNaplesPart of Collier2016
Christopher BenjaminDemMiami GardensPart of Miami-Dade2020
Dotie JosephDemNorth MiamiPart of Miami-Dade2018
James BushDemMiamiPart of Miami-Dade2018
110Alex RizoRepHialeahPart of Miami-Dade2020
Bryan AvilaRepHialeahPart of Miami-Dade2014
Nicholas DuranDemMiamiPart of Miami-Dade2016
113Mike GriecoDemMiami BeachPart of Miami-Dade2018
Demi Busatta CabreraRepCoral GablesPart of Miami-Dade2020
Vance AloupisRepMiamiPart of Miami-Dade2018
Daniel PerezRepMiamiPart of Miami-Dade2017*
Kevin ChamblissDemFlorida CityPart of Miami-Dade2020
Anthony RodriguezRepMiamiPart of Miami-Dade2018
Juan Fernandez-BarquinRepKendale LakesPart of Miami-Dade2018
Jim MooneyRepIslamoradaMonroe and part of Miami-Dade2020

*Elected in a special election.

District map

Current districts and party composition of the Florida House of Representatives

  Democratic Party
  Republican Party

Past composition of the House of Representatives

From 1874 to 1996, the Democratic Party held majorities in the Florida House of Representatives. Following sizable GOP gains in the 1994 election, which significantly reduced the Democratic Party majority in the Florida House, Republicans captured a majority in the 1996 election. The Republican Party has been the majority party since that time in the House.

Additional information on the past composition of the Florida House of Representatives can be found in Allen Morris’s The Florida Handbook (various years, published every two years for many years).

See also

References

  1. ^ “The 2017 Florida Statutes F.S. 11.13 Compensation of members”. Florida Legislature.
  2. ^ “CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF FLORIDA”. Florida Legislature. Archived from the original on December 8, 2008. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  3. ^ “Vote Yes On Amendment No. 9 To Begin Limiting Political Terms”. Sun-Sentinel.
  4. ^ “Florida Backs Article V Convention for Constitutional Amendment on Congressional Term Limits”. Sunshine State News.
  5. ^ “CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF FLORIDA”. Florida Legislature.
  6. ^ “Editorial:Advice to Legislature:Pursue limited agenda”. Florida Today.
  7. ^ “CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF FLORIDA”. Florida Legislature.
  8. ^ Buzzacco-Foerster, Jenna (February 18, 2016). “Proposal to move 2018 session to January heads House floor”. Florida Politics. Retrieved February 18, 2016.
  9. ^ “The Florida Constitution”. Florida Legislature.
  10. ^ “The Florida Senate Handbook” (PDF). Florida Senate.
  11. ^ a b “Statutes & Constitution: Online Sunshine”. Florida Legislature. Retrieved September 26, 2013.
  12. ^ Flemming, Paul (March 8, 2009). Capital Ideas: Lawmakers face 2,138 proposals. Florida Today.
  13. ^ a b Cotterell, Bill (March 7, 2017). “Legislative session by the numbers”. Florida Today. Melbourne,Florida. pp. 5A.
  14. ^ And previous terms of service, if any.

External links